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jdk+tomcat+mysql 打包成exe 的windows 安装文件教程

2016-09-21

最近公司因为项目需要,需要把web 的项目做成一个window 安装软件给到客户。我在网络上搜索了很多零零散散的教程,大多都不是很详细很全面。在此我进行总结成博文来分享出来,希望帮助到更多的人。

背景:

最近公司因为项目需要,需要把web 的项目做成一个window 安装软件给到客户。我在网络上搜索了很多零零散散的教程,大多都不是很详细很全面。在此我进行总结成博文来分享出来,希望帮助到更多的人。

一:下载Inno steup 用于制作windows 上的exe文件

Inno steup 工具的使用我就不在这里详细的介绍了,网络上很多的教程可以参考,我直接贴出一份我修改过的project.iss配置文件供大家参考 ========project.iss begin======== ; 脚本由 Inno Setup 脚本向导 生成!

[Setup]

; 注: AppId的值为单独标识该应用程序。

; 不要为其他安装程序使用相同的AppId值。

; (生成新的GUID,点击 工具|在IDE中生成GUID。)

AppId={{9E044575-9CD9-4751-B0BE-F6758BA94548}

AppName=Test

AppVersion=V0.01

AppVerName=TestServer V0.01

AppPublisher=TestTechnology

AppPublisherURL=http://www.test.hk/

AppSupportURL=http://www.test.hk/

AppUpdatesURL=http://www.test.hk/

DefaultDirName={pf}\Test

DefaultGroupName=TestSoftWare

AllowNoIcons=yes

OutputBaseFilename=Test

Compression=lzma

SolidCompression=yes

[Files]

;拷贝tomcat

Source:"D:\source\MyApp\apache-tomcat-8.0.37\*";DestDir:"{app}\apache-tomcat-8.0.37";Flags:igNoreversion recursesubdirs createallsubdirs

;拷贝mysql

Source:"D:\source\MyApp\mysql-5.7.15-win32\*";DestDir:"{app}\mysql-5.7.15-win32";Flags:igNoreversion recursesubdirs createallsubdirs

;拷贝安装脚本文件夹

Source:"D:\source\MyApp\install\*";DestDir:"{app}\install";Flags:igNoreversion recursesubdirs createallsubdirs

;拷贝卸载脚本文件夹

Source:"D:\source\MyApp\uninstall\*";DestDir:"{app}\uninstall";Flags:igNoreversion recursesubdirs createallsubdirs

;拷贝桌面快捷方式

Source:"D:\source\MyApp\SRS7.url";DestDir:"{userdesktop}";

[Languages]

;Name: "chinesesimp"; MessagesFile: "compiler:Default.isl"

Name: "chinesesimp"; MessagesFile: "compiler:Default.isl"

Name: "english"; MessagesFile: "compiler:Languages\English.isl"

[Icons]

;Name: "{group}\{cm:ProgramOnTheWeb,{"AppName"}}"; Filename: "{"AppPublisherURL"}"

;Name: "{group}\{cm:UninstallProgram,{#MyAppName}}"; Filename: "{uninstallexe}"

[INI]

;修改数据库配置文件

Filename:"{app}\mysql-5.7.15-win32\my.ini";Section:"mysqld";Key:"basedir"; String:"{app}\mysql-5.7.15-win32"

Filename:"{app}\mysql-5.7.15-win32\my.ini";Section:"mysqld";Key:"datadir"; String:"{app}\mysql-5.7.15-win32\data"

Filename:"{app}\mysql-5.7.15-win32\my.ini";Section:"mysqld";Key:"port"; String:"3306"

Filename:"{app}\mysql-5.7.15-win32\my.ini";Section:"client";Key:"port"; String:"3306"

[Run]

Filename: "{app}\install\autoInstallJDK.bat";

Filename: "{app}\mysql-5.7.15-win32\bin\startServer.bat";

Filename: "{app}\apache-tomcat-8.0.37\bin\startService.bat";

[UninstallRun]

Filename:"{app}\uninstall\uninstall.bat";

[UninstallDelete]

Type:filesandordirs;Name:"{app}\apache-tomcat-8.0.37"

Type:filesandordirs;Name:"{app}\install"

Type:filesandordirs;Name:"{app}\mysql-5.7.15-win32"

Type:filesandordirs;Name:"{app}\uninstall"

========project.iss end========

二配置jdk 和Tomcat

2.1 下载jdk,写jdk 的环境变量批处理脚本

jdk安装,我从官网上没有下载到免安装的jdk ,所以下载了一个安装版本的,安装后,把对应的安装文件直接拷贝到了对应我的tomcat 的bin目录下面

\

2.2 写jdk 环境变量批处理文件autoInstallJDK.bat

=======autoInstallJDK.bat begin==========

@echo off

echo ------begin----

:: 退到上级目录

cd ..

:: 获取jdk 的全路径,全路径=当前路径+jdk路径

:: "%~dp0" 这个是最起始的条用bat的cmd 的路径 所以我们要使用cd ..后退一个目录后用"%cd%" 来获取当前目录

echo "%~dp0"

echo "%cd%"

::设置jdkpath变量

set jdkpath=%cd%\apache-tomcat-8.0.37\bin\Java\jdk1.8.0_31

echo %jdkpath%

::setx variable value -m

:: setx 这个是用来设置环境变量的,并且会写入注册表. variable,会被覆盖,此操作不可逆的

:: variable 代表键 value代表值 -m代表写入系统环境变量,如果没有该参数会写入当前用户环境变量.

setx JAVA_HOME "%jdkpath%" -m

setx CLASSPATH ".;%%JAVA_HOME%%\lib\tools.jar;%%JAVA_HOME%%\lib\dt.jar" -m

echo %Path%

::追加path环境变量 find 后面/i代表忽略大小写 &&执行成功执行的命令 ||执行失败执行的命令

echo %Path%|find /i "%java_home%" && set IsNull=true || set IsNull=false

echo %IsNull%

if not %IsNull%==true (

reg add "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Environment" /v Path /t REG_SZ /d "%Path%;%%JAVA_HOME%%\bin;%%JAVA_HOME%%\jre\bin" /f

::设置当前用户环境变量

setx Path "%%JAVA_HOME%%\bin;%Path%"

)

exit

=======autoInstallJDK.bat end==========

2.3 tomcat 安装配置批处理文件

我的这个项目是把这个脚本放入到了tomcat/bin/目录下面。

======aotoInstallTomcat.bat==begin======

echo -------tomcat begin--------

::call 是用来调用另一个批处理文件, install 是用来安装注册服务到windows的服务里面

call "%~dp0%service.bat" install tomcat8

echo -------tomcat install end------------------

::配置服务开机自启动

sc config tomcat8 start= auto

net start tomcat8

exit

======aotoInstallTomcat.bat==end======

三:Mysql 数据库的配置

3.1 下载:

MySql:官方下载地址:http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/

版本号:mysql-5.7.15-win32.zip

我在这里选择下载的是免安装的32位的绿色版本。

\

\

通过InnoSetup 工具生成的exe 的可安装文件,安装后我们发现,Mysql 的安装文件最终copy后的路径为:C:\Program Files\project\mysql-5.7.15-win32

如下图所示:

\

3.2修改配置文件

其中有一个my-default.ini 的文件,我在当前路径下面复制一份,然后在重新命名为my.ini

其中my.ini 中有一个必须要配置的项

#basedir这个路径是mysql 的安装路径

basedir="C:/Program Files/project/mysql-5.7.15-win32"

#datadir 是数据库的根路径

datadir="C:/Program Files/project/mysql-5.7.15-win32/data/"

以下为我的my.ini 的配置文件:

=================my.ini begin================

# MySQL Server Instance Configuration File

# ----------------------------------------------------------------------

# Generated by the MySQL Server Instance Configuration Wizard

#

#

# Installation Instructions

# ----------------------------------------------------------------------

#

# On Linux you can copy this file to /etc/my.cnf to set global options,

# mysql-data-dir/my.cnf to set server-specific options

# (@localstatedir@ for this installation) or to

# ~/.my.cnf to set user-specific options.

#

# On Windows you should keep this file in the installation directory

# of your server (e.g. C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server X.Y). To

# make sure the server reads the config file use the startup option

# "--defaults-file".

#

# To run run the server from the command line, execute this in a

# command line shell, e.g.

# mysqld --defaults-file="C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server X.Y\my.ini"

#

# To install the server as a Windows service manually, execute this in a

# command line shell, e.g.

# mysqld --install MySQLXY --defaults-file="C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server X.Y\my.ini"

#

# And then execute this in a command line shell to start the server, e.g.

# net start MySQLXY

#

#

# Guildlines for editing this file

# ----------------------------------------------------------------------

#

# In this file, you can use all long options that the program supports.

# If you want to know the options a program supports, start the program

# with the "--help" option.

#

# More detailed information about the individual options can also be

# found in the manual.

#

#

# CLIENT SECTION

# ----------------------------------------------------------------------

#

# The following options will be read by MySQL client applications.

# Note that only client applications shipped by MySQL are guaranteed

# to read this section. If you want your own MySQL client program to

# honor these values, you need to specify it as an option during the

# MySQL client library initialization.

#

[client]

port=3306

[mysql]

default-character-set=utf8

# SERVER SECTION

# ----------------------------------------------------------------------

#

# The following options will be read by the MySQL Server. Make sure that

# you have installed the server correctly (see above) so it reads this

# file.

#

[mysqld]

# The TCP/IP Port the MySQL Server will listen on

port=3306

#Path to installation directory. All paths are usually resolved relative to this.

basedir="C:/Program Files/project/mysql-5.7.15-win32"

#Path to the database root

datadir="C:/Program Files/project/mysql-5.7.15-win32/Data/"

# The default character set that will be used when a new schema or table is

# created and no character set is defined

character-set-server=utf8

# The default storage engine that will be used when create new tables when

default-storage-engine=INNODB

# Set the SQL mode to strict

sql-mode="STRICT_TRANS_TABLES,NO_AUTO_CREATE_USER,NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION"

# The maximum amount of concurrent sessions the MySQL server will

# allow. One of these connections will be reserved for a user with

# SUPER privileges to allow the administrator to login even if the

# connection limit has been reached.

max_connections=100

# Query cache is used to cache SELECT results and later return them

# without actual executing the same query once again. Having the query

# cache enabled may result in significant speed improvements, if your

# have a lot of identical queries and rarely changing tables. See the

# "Qcache_lowmem_prunes" status variable to check if the current value

# is high enough for your load.

# Note: In case your tables change very often or if your queries are

# textually different every time, the query cache may result in a

# slowdown instead of a performance improvement.

query_cache_size=32M

# The number of open tables for all threads. Increasing this value

# increases the number of file descriptors that mysqld requires.

# Therefore you have to make sure to set the amount of open files

# allowed to at least 4096 in the variable "open-files-limit" in

# section [mysqld_safe]

table_open_cache=256

# Maximum size for internal (in-memory) temporary tables. If a table

# grows larger than this value, it is automatically converted to disk

# based table This limitation is for a single table. There can be many

# of them.

tmp_table_size=35M

# How many threads we should keep in a cache for reuse. When a client

# disconnects, the client's threads are put in the cache if there aren't

# more than thread_cache_size threads from before. This greatly reduces

# the amount of thread creations needed if you have a lot of new

# connections. (Normally this doesn't give a notable performance

# improvement if you have a good thread implementation.)

thread_cache_size=8

#*** MyISAM Specific options

# The maximum size of the temporary file MySQL is allowed to use while

# recreating the index (during REPAIR, ALTER TABLE or LOAD DATA INFILE.

# If the file-size would be bigger than this, the index will be created

# through the key cache (which is slower).

myisam_max_sort_file_size=100G

# If the temporary file used for fast index creation would be bigger

# than using the key cache by the amount specified here, then prefer the

# key cache method. This is mainly used to force long character keys in

# large tables to use the slower key cache method to create the index.

myisam_sort_buffer_size=69M

# Size of the Key Buffer, used to cache index blocks for MyISAM tables.

# Do not set it larger than 30% of your available memory, as some memory

# is also required by the OS to cache rows. Even if you're not using

# MyISAM tables, you should still set it to 8-64M as it will also be

# used for internal temporary disk tables.

key_buffer_size=50M

# Size of the buffer used for doing full table scans of MyISAM tables.

# Allocated per thread, if a full scan is needed.

read_buffer_size=64K

read_rnd_buffer_size=256K

# This buffer is allocated when MySQL needs to rebuild the index in

# REPAIR, OPTIMZE, ALTER table statements as well as in LOAD DATA INFILE

# into an empty table. It is allocated per thread so be careful with

# large settings.

sort_buffer_size=256K

#*** INNODB Specific options ***

# Use this option if you have a MySQL server with InnoDB support enabled

# but you do not plan to use it. This will save memory and disk space

# and speed up some things.

#skip-innodb

# Additional memory pool that is used by InnoDB to store metadata

# information. If InnoDB requires more memory for this purpose it will

# start to allocate it from the OS. As this is fast enough on most

# recent operating systems, you normally do not need to change this

# value. SHOW INNODB STATUS will display the current amount used.

#innodb_additional_mem_pool_size=14M

# If set to 1, InnoDB will flush (fsync) the transaction logs to the

# disk at each commit, which offers full ACID behavior. If you are

# willing to compromise this safety, and you are running small

# transactions, you may set this to 0 or 2 to reduce disk I/O to the

# logs. Value 0 means that the log is only written to the log file and

# the log file flushed to disk approximately once per second. Value 2

# means the log is written to the log file at each commit, but the log

# file is only flushed to disk approximately once per second.

innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit=1

# The size of the buffer InnoDB uses for buffering log data. As soon as

# it is full, InnoDB will have to flush it to disk. As it is flushed

# once per second anyway, it does not make sense to have it very large

# (even with long transactions).

innodb_log_buffer_size=1M

# InnoDB, unlike MyISAM, uses a buffer pool to cache both indexes and

# row data. The bigger you set this the less disk I/O is needed to

# access data in tables. On a dedicated database server you may set this

# parameter up to 80% of the machine physical memory size. Do not set it

# too large, though, because competition of the physical memory may

# cause paging in the operating system. Note that on 32bit systems you

# might be limited to 2-3.5G of user level memory per process, so do not

# set it too high.

innodb_buffer_pool_size=96M

# Size of each log file in a log group. You should set the combined size

# of log files to about 25%-100% of your buffer pool size to avoid

# unneeded buffer pool flush activity on log file overwrite. However,

# note that a larger logfile size will increase the time needed for the

# recovery process.

innodb_log_file_size=20M

# Number of threads allowed inside the InnoDB kernel. The optimal value

# depends highly on the application, hardware as well as the OS

# scheduler properties. A too high value may lead to thread thrashing.

innodb_thread_concurrency=18

=================my.ini end=================

在当前mysql的目录下面创建data的空文件夹

\

3.3批处理脚本制作

创建mysql 的批处理脚本:

我命名为:mysql_init.bat

在写mysql_init.bat文件之前,我们先手动通过cmd 的命令来配置mysql,然后在把相关命写入到批处理文件中来。

3.3.1.初始化Mysql

mysqld --initialize 使用这个指令进行初始化的过程中我没有看不到mysql root 账户的初始密码和安装日志信息

mysqld --initialize --console 其中--console 的意思是安装信息打印到控制台

执行后的打印信息如下图所示:

\

执行完成后会在mysql 的安装路径下面data文件夹下会生成相关的数据库文件。

\

mysqld --initialize-insecure --user=mysql --console 初始化不会生成密码

\

3.3.2安装服务:

mysqld install mysql --defaults-file="C:\Program Files\SRS7\mysql-5.7.15-win32\my.ini"

\

这个时候在window的服务列表里面就会多一个mysql 的服务

\

3.3.3启动mysql 的服务

net start mysql

\

通过指令:net start 可以查看window已经启动的服务有哪一些

\

3.3.4修改mysql 的初始密码为:root

mysqladmin -u root -p password root

\

登录数据库:

mysql -u root -p

\

3.3.5停止mysql 的服务

net stop mysql 停止mysql 的服务

\

3.3.6删除服务

mysqld remove 删除注册到window的mysql服务

\

3.3.7 最终配置mysql 的批处理文件

mysql_init.bat内容如下:

=============begin==================

cd /d %~dp0

"%cd%\mysqld.exe" --initialize-insecure --user=mysql --console

echo -----mysql init succee-----

pause;

mysqld install mysql --defaults-file="C:\Program Files\SRS7\mysql-5.7.15-win32\my.ini

echo -----mysql service install succee-----

pause;

net start mysql

sc config mysql start=auto

net stop mysql

net start mysql

echo 安装完毕

pause;

"%cd%\mysqladmin" -u root password root

echo 修改密码完毕

pause;

cd ..

"%cd%\bin\mysql.exe" -uroot -proot < "%cd%\SqlFile\foodserver.sql"

echo 建表完毕

pause;

echo 建立新用户完毕

=============end===================

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