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jQuery中dom加载的代码实例

2017-11-18

jQuery中dom加载的代码实例。jQuery中的加载:调用的是rootjQuery ready( selector );其中rootjQuery = jQuery(document);所以上述代码可以写成。$() ready()中的ready()是实例方法:

jQuery中的加载:

$(function(){
    alert(1);
});

调用的是rootjQuery.ready( selector );其中rootjQuery = jQuery(document);所以上述代码可以写成:

$(document).ready(function(){
	alert(1);
});

$().ready()中的ready()是实例方法:

ready: function( fn ) {
		// Add the callback
		jQuery.ready.promise().done( fn );

		return this;
	},

fn就是function(){alert(1)},被添加到延迟对象中,等待被触发。

jQuery.ready.promise = function( obj ) {
	if ( !readyList ) {

		readyList = jQuery.Deferred();

		// Catch cases where $(document).ready() is called after the browser event has already occurred.
		// we once tried to use readyState "interactive" here, but it caused issues like the one
		// discovered by ChrisS here: https://bugs.jquery.com/ticket/12282#comment:15
		if ( document.readyState === "complete" ) {//DOM加载已经完成,直接调用
			// Handle it asynchronously to allow scripts the opportunity to delay ready
			setTimeout( jQuery.ready );//加延迟是针对IE

		} else {//dom加载未完成,进行监听

			// Use the handy event callback
			document.addEventListener( "DOMContentLoaded", completed, false );

			//有缓存时,先出发load,在触发DOMContentloaded
			window.addEventListener( "load", completed, false );
		}
	}
	return readyList.promise( obj );
};

等DOM加载完成后,会调用computed函数:最后直线工具方法jQuery.ready()

completed = function() {//保证jQuery.ready()只触发一次
		document.removeEventListener( "DOMContentLoaded", completed, false );
		window.removeEventListener( "load", completed, false );
		jQuery.ready();
	};

工具方法jQuery.ready():

ready: function( wait ) {

		// Abort if there are pending holds or we're already ready
		if ( wait === true ? --jQuery.readyWait : jQuery.isReady ) {
			return;
		}

		// Remember that the DOM is ready
		jQuery.isReady = true;

		// If a normal DOM Ready event fired, decrement, and wait if need be
		if ( wait !== true && --jQuery.readyWait > 0 ) {
			return;
		}

		// If there are functions bound, to execute
		readyList.resolveWith( document, [ jQuery ] );

		// Trigger any bound ready events
		if ( jQuery.fn.trigger ) {
			jQuery( document ).trigger("ready").off("ready");
		}
	}

其中readyList.resolveWith( document, [ jQuery ] );会执行前面的fn函数,function(){alert(1)}

$(function(arg){
	console.log(this);//document对象
	console.log(arg);//jQuery函数
});

工具方法holdReady()

$.holdReady(true);
$(function(){
	alert(1);
});

上述代码不会弹出 1。

这个工具方法的用途:等a.js加载执行完后,在执行$(function(){alert(1);});

$.holdReady(true);
$.getScript("a.js",function(){
	$.holdReady(false)
})
$(function(){
   alert(1);
});
holdReady: function( hold ) {
		if ( hold ) {
			jQuery.readyWait++;
		} else {
			jQuery.ready( true );
		}
	}
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