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Java 8 Stream 流已被操作或关闭

2017-06-19

Java 8 Stream 流已被操作或关闭,在Java 8中,Stream不能重复使用,一旦被消耗或使用,流将被关闭,类似流水线,水龙头的水一样一去不复返。

Java 8 Stream 流已被操作或关闭,在Java 8中,Stream不能重复使用,一旦被消耗或使用,流将被关闭,类似流水线,水龙头的水一样一去不复返。

示例 - 流关闭

查看以下示例,它会抛出一个IllegalStateException,表示“流被关闭”。

TestJava8.java
package com.mkyong.java8;

import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.stream.Stream;

public class TestJava8 {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        String[] array = {"a", "b", "c", "d", "e"};
        Stream stream = Arrays.stream(array);

        // loop a stream
        stream.forEach(x -> System.out.println(x));

        // reuse it to filter again! throws IllegalStateException
        long count = stream.filter(x -> "b".equals(x)).count();
        System.out.println(count);

    }

}

Output

java.lang.IllegalStateException: stream has already been operated upon or closed
	at java.util.stream.AbstractPipeline.(AbstractPipeline.java:203)
	at java.util.stream.ReferencePipeline.(ReferencePipeline.java:94)
	at java.util.stream.ReferencePipeline$StatelessOp.(ReferencePipeline.java:618)
	at java.util.stream.ReferencePipeline$2.(ReferencePipeline.java:163)
	at java.util.stream.ReferencePipeline.filter(ReferencePipeline.java:162)
	at com.hostingcompass.whois.range.run.TestJava8.main(TestJava8.java:25)
	at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
	at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
	at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
	at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)
	at com.intellij.rt.execution.application.AppMain.main(AppMain.java:144)

示例 - 重用流

TestJava8.java
package com.mkyong.java8;

import java.util.function.Supplier;
import java.util.stream.Stream;

public class TestJava8 {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        String[] array = {"a", "b", "c", "d", "e"};

        Supplier> streamSupplier = () -> Stream.of(array);

        //get new stream
        streamSupplier.get().forEach(x -> System.out.println(x));

        //get another new stream
        long count = streamSupplier.get().filter(x -> "b".equals(x)).count();
        System.out.println(count);

    }

}

Output

a 
b 
c 
d 
e 
1

每个get()都会返回一个新的流
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