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自定义VIEW中的XML文件解析过程

2017-02-04

自定义VIEW中的XML文件解析过程:面向对象的语言一切都是对象,这个当然有争议,有的人说JAVA不是完全的面向对象的语言,这里不作讨论。

自定义VIEW中的XML文件解析过程:面向对象的语言一切都是对象,这个当然有争议,有的人说JAVA不是完全的面向对象的语言,这里不作讨论。事实是XML也会被解析成对象,这就是为什么,在布局文件中,经过一系列的过程,VIEWGROUP和VIEW就会实例化了。

然后,在ACTIVITY中通过FINDVIEWBYID就找出来了,这里面当然是有文章的。这里离不开一个重要的类INFLATER,所有的XML文件,都是通过这个类来解析的,最终会实例化对象。
有的人说SETCONTENTVIEW之后,不就可以了吗?但这个方法中也使用了INFLATER类,自己可以去看源码
首先是获取INFLATER类,其实也只有一种方式,看源码:

    /**
     * Obtains the LayoutInflater from the given context.
     */
    public static LayoutInflater from(Context context) {
        LayoutInflater LayoutInflater =
                (LayoutInflater) context.getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
        if (LayoutInflater == null) {
            throw new AssertionError("LayoutInflater not found.");
        }
        return LayoutInflater;
    }

注意,LayoutInflater是个抽象类,这个静态方法中返回的一个实例是它的子类,具体是什么,可以看systerm_server中怎么做的,这是系统服务的知识点,这里不展开分析。这个context是什么类型的也没什么要求,随便什么context拿来用就是。然后就是调用inflate这个函数,这个函数有几个重载,看看最终要调用的这个。

    /**
     * Inflate a new view hierarchy from the specified xml resource. Throws
     * {@link InflateException} if there is an error.
     * 
     * @param resource ID for an XML layout resource to load (e.g.,
     *        R.layout.main_page)
     * @param root Optional view to be the parent of the generated hierarchy (if
     *        attachToRoot is true), or else simply an object that
     *        provides a set of LayoutParams values for root of the returned
     *        hierarchy (if attachToRoot is false.)
     * @param attachToRoot Whether the inflated hierarchy should be attached to
     *        the root parameter? If false, root is only used to create the
     *        correct subclass of LayoutParams for the root view in the XML.
     * @return The root View of the inflated hierarchy. If root was supplied and
     *         attachToRoot is true, this is root; otherwise it is the root of
     *         the inflated XML file.
     */
    public View inflate(@LayoutRes int resource, @Nullable ViewGroup root, boolean attachToRoot) {
        final Resources res = getContext().getResources();
        if (DEBUG) {
            Log.d(TAG, "INFLATING from resource: \"" + res.getResourceName(resource) + "\" ("
                    + Integer.toHexString(resource) + ")");
        }
//这里开始获得解析流,parser
        final XmlResourceParser parser = res.getLayout(resource);
        try {
            return inflate(parser, root, attachToRoot);
        } finally {
            parser.close();
        }
    }

获得parser之后,调用inflate(parser, root, attachToRoot),这个函数开始干解析的工作。看源码。

 public View inflate(XmlPullParser parser, @Nullable ViewGroup root, boolean attachToRoot) {
        synchronized (mConstructorArgs) {
            Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_VIEW, "inflate");

            final Context inflaterContext = mContext;
            final AttributeSet attrs = Xml.asAttributeSet(parser);
            Context lastContext = (Context) mConstructorArgs[0];
            mConstructorArgs[0] = inflaterContext;
            View result = root;

            try {
                // Look for the root node.
                int type;
                while ((type = parser.next()) != XmlPullParser.START_TAG &&
                        type != XmlPullParser.END_DOCUMENT) {
                    // Empty
                }

                if (type != XmlPullParser.START_TAG) {
                    throw new InflateException(parser.getPositionDescription()
                            + ": No start tag found!");
                }

                final String name = parser.getName();

                if (TAG_MERGE.equals(name)) {
                    if (root == null || !attachToRoot) {
                        throw new InflateException(" can be used only with a valid "
                                + "ViewGroup root and attachToRoot=true");
                    }

                    rInflate(parser, root, inflaterContext, attrs, false);
                } else {
                    // Temp is the root view that was found in the xml
                    final View temp = createViewFromTag(root, name, inflaterContext, attrs);

                    ViewGroup.LayoutParams params = null;

                    if (root != null) {

                        // Create layout params that match root, if supplied
                        params = root.generateLayoutParams(attrs);
                        if (!attachToRoot) {
                            // Set the layout params for temp if we are not
                            // attaching. (If we are, we use addView, below)
                            temp.setLayoutParams(params);
                        }
                    }


                    // Inflate all children under temp against its context.
                    rInflateChildren(parser, temp, attrs, true);
                    // We are supposed to attach all the views we found (int temp)
                    // to root. Do that now.
                    if (root != null && attachToRoot) {
                        root.addView(temp, params);
                    }

                    // Decide whether to return the root that was passed in or the
                    // top view found in xml.
                    if (root == null || !attachToRoot) {
                        result = temp;
                    }
                }

            } catch (XmlPullParserException e) {
                InflateException ex = new InflateException(e.getMessage());
                ex.initCause(e);
                throw ex;
            } catch (Exception e) {
                InflateException ex = new InflateException(
                        parser.getPositionDescription()
                                + ": " + e.getMessage());
                ex.initCause(e);
                throw ex;
            } finally {
                // Don't retain static reference on context.
                mConstructorArgs[0] = lastContext;
                mConstructorArgs[1] = null;
            }

            Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_VIEW);

            return result;
        }
    }

这段代码比较长,所以参数说明和debug都删掉了,以便看清逻辑。解析过程是这样的,如果有TAG_MERG,则调用 rInflate(parser, root, inflaterContext, attrs, false),如果没有则调用createViewFromTag(root, name, inflaterContext, attrs),从名字可以看得出,通过反射获得实例。
我们来看看第二个方法。

  View createViewFromTag(View parent, String name, Context context, AttributeSet attrs,
            boolean ignoreThemeAttr) {
        if (name.equals("view")) {
            name = attrs.getAttributeValue(null, "class");
        }

        // Apply a theme wrapper, if allowed and one is specified.
        if (!ignoreThemeAttr) {
            final TypedArray ta = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs, ATTRS_THEME);
            final int themeResId = ta.getResourceId(0, 0);
            if (themeResId != 0) {
                context = new ContextThemeWrapper(context, themeResId);
            }
            ta.recycle();
        }

        if (name.equals(TAG_1995)) {
            // Let's party like it's 1995!
            return new BlinkLayout(context, attrs);
        }

        try {
            View view;
            if (mFactory2 != null) {
                view = mFactory2.onCreateView(parent, name, context, attrs);
            } else if (mFactory != null) {
                view = mFactory.onCreateView(name, context, attrs);
            } else {
                view = null;
            }

            if (view == null && mPrivateFactory != null) {
                view = mPrivateFactory.onCreateView(parent, name, context, attrs);
            }

            if (view == null) {
                final Object lastContext = mConstructorArgs[0];
                mConstructorArgs[0] = context;
                try {
                    if (-1 == name.indexOf('.')) {
                        view = onCreateView(parent, name, attrs);
                    } else {
                        view = createView(name, null, attrs);
                    }
                } finally {
                    mConstructorArgs[0] = lastContext;
                }
            }

            return view;
        } catch (InflateException e) {
            throw e;

        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            final InflateException ie = new InflateException(attrs.getPositionDescription()
                    + ": Error inflating class " + name);
            ie.initCause(e);
            throw ie;

        } catch (Exception e) {
            final InflateException ie = new InflateException(attrs.getPositionDescription()
                    + ": Error inflating class " + name);
            ie.initCause(e);
            throw ie;
        }
    }

这个方法干的事就是实例化VIEW,核心方法可以看得出来,就是factory中的oncreateview和LayoutInflate中的createview这两个方法。这些factory是什么呢?

/**
     * Create a new LayoutInflater instance that is a copy of an existing
     * LayoutInflater, optionally with its Context changed.  For use in
     * implementing {@link #cloneInContext}.
     * 
     * @param original The original LayoutInflater to copy.
     * @param newContext The new Context to use.
     */
    protected LayoutInflater(LayoutInflater original, Context newContext) {
        mContext = newContext;
        mFactory = original.mFactory;
        mFactory2 = original.mFactory2;
        mPrivateFactory = original.mPrivateFactory;
        setFilter(original.mFilter);
    }

从注释可以看得出来,这些factory可以从original复制而来,但是original中的factory从何而来?

 public interface Factory {
        public View onCreateView(String name, Context context, AttributeSet attrs);
    }
 public interface Factory2 extends Factory {
        public View onCreateView(View parent, String name, Context context, AttributeSet attrs);
    }
 private static class FactoryMerger implements Factory2 {
        private final Factory mF1, mF2;
        private final Factory2 mF12, mF22;

        FactoryMerger(Factory f1, Factory2 f12, Factory f2, Factory2 f22) {
            mF1 = f1;
            mF2 = f2;
            mF12 = f12;
            mF22 = f22;
        }

        public View onCreateView(String name, Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
            View v = mF1.onCreateView(name, context, attrs);
            if (v != null) return v;
            return mF2.onCreateView(name, context, attrs);
        }

        public View onCreateView(View parent, String name, Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
            View v = mF12 != null ? mF12.onCreateView(parent, name, context, attrs)
                    : mF1.onCreateView(name, context, attrs);
            if (v != null) return v;
            return mF22 != null ? mF22.onCreateView(parent, name, context, attrs)
                    : mF2.onCreateView(name, context, attrs);
        }
    }
 public void setFactory(Factory factory) {
        if (mFactorySet) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("A factory has already been set on this LayoutInflater");
        }
        if (factory == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException("Given factory can not be null");
        }
        mFactorySet = true;
        if (mFactory == null) {
            mFactory = factory;
        } else {
            mFactory = new FactoryMerger(factory, null, mFactory, mFactory2);
        }
    }
 public void setFactory2(Factory2 factory) {
        if (mFactorySet) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("A factory has already been set on this LayoutInflater");
        }
        if (factory == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException("Given factory can not be null");
        }
        mFactorySet = true;
        if (mFactory == null) {
            mFactory = mFactory2 = factory;
        } else {
            mFactory = mFactory2 = new FactoryMerger(factory, factory, mFactory, mFactory2);
        }
    }
 public void setPrivateFactory(Factory2 factory) {
        if (mPrivateFactory == null) {
            mPrivateFactory = factory;
        } else {
            mPrivateFactory = new FactoryMerger(factory, factory, mPrivateFactory, mPrivateFactory);
        }
    }

oncreateview方法在哪里被实现?在framework中,被隐藏起来。所以我们来看看createview这个方法。

  public final View createView(String name, String prefix, AttributeSet attrs)
            throws ClassNotFoundException, InflateException {
        Constructor constructor = sConstructorMap.get(name);
        Class clazz = null;

        try {
            Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_VIEW, name);

            if (constructor == null) {
                // Class not found in the cache, see if it's real, and try to add it
                clazz = mContext.getClassLoader().loadClass(
                        prefix != null ? (prefix + name) : name).asSubclass(View.class);

                if (mFilter != null && clazz != null) {
                    boolean allowed = mFilter.onLoadClass(clazz);
                    if (!allowed) {
                        failNotAllowed(name, prefix, attrs);
                    }
                }
                constructor = clazz.getConstructor(mConstructorSignature);
                constructor.setAccessible(true);
                sConstructorMap.put(name, constructor);
            } else {
                // If we have a filter, apply it to cached constructor
                if (mFilter != null) {
                    // Have we seen this name before?
                    Boolean allowedState = mFilterMap.get(name);
                    if (allowedState == null) {
                        // New class -- remember whether it is allowed
                        clazz = mContext.getClassLoader().loadClass(
                                prefix != null ? (prefix + name) : name).asSubclass(View.class);

                        boolean allowed = clazz != null && mFilter.onLoadClass(clazz);
                        mFilterMap.put(name, allowed);
                        if (!allowed) {
                            failNotAllowed(name, prefix, attrs);
                        }
                    } else if (allowedState.equals(Boolean.FALSE)) {
                        failNotAllowed(name, prefix, attrs);
                    }
                }
            }

            Object[] args = mConstructorArgs;
            args[1] = attrs;

            final View view = constructor.newInstance(args);
            if (view instanceof ViewStub) {
                // Use the same context when inflating ViewStub later.
                final ViewStub viewStub = (ViewStub) view;
                viewStub.setLayoutInflater(cloneInContext((Context) args[0]));
            }
            return view;

        } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
            InflateException ie = new InflateException(attrs.getPositionDescription()
                    + ": Error inflating class "
                    + (prefix != null ? (prefix + name) : name));
            ie.initCause(e);
            throw ie;

        } catch (ClassCastException e) {
            // If loaded class is not a View subclass
            InflateException ie = new InflateException(attrs.getPositionDescription()
                    + ": Class is not a View "
                    + (prefix != null ? (prefix + name) : name));
            ie.initCause(e);
            throw ie;
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            // If loadClass fails, we should propagate the exception.
            throw e;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            InflateException ie = new InflateException(attrs.getPositionDescription()
                    + ": Error inflating class "
                    + (clazz == null ? "" : clazz.getName()));
            ie.initCause(e);
            throw ie;
        } finally {
            Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_VIEW);
        }
    }

这里很明显,通过构造函数,来产生VIEW的实例,自定义的使用,系统控件使用(name).asSubclass(View.class)。

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