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SpringMVC框架开发登录界面的验证码

2016-09-26

SpringMVC框架开发登录界面的验证码

本博客介绍如何开发登录界面的验证码

先写个验证码生成的Controller类:

package com.appweb.controller.login;

import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.Font;
import java.awt.Graphics2D;
import java.awt.font.FontRenderContext;
import java.awt.geom.Rectangle2D;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Random;

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import javax.servlet.ServletOutputStream;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.apache.shiro.SecurityUtils;
import org.apache.shiro.session.Session;
import org.apache.shiro.subject.Subject;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

import com.appweb.core.base.Const;


@Controller
@RequestMapping("/code")
public class SecCodeController {

	@RequestMapping
	public void generate(HttpServletResponse response){
		ByteArrayOutputStream output = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
		String code = drawImg(output);
		
		Subject currentUser = SecurityUtils.getSubject();  
		Session session = currentUser.getSession();
		session.setAttribute(Const.SESSION_SECURITY_CODE, code);
		
		try {
			ServletOutputStream out = response.getOutputStream();
			output.writeTo(out);
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
	
	/**
	 * 绘画验证码
	 * @param output
	 * @return
	 */
	private String drawImg(ByteArrayOutputStream output){
		String code = "";
		//随机产生4个字符
		for(int i=0; i<4; i++){
			code += randomChar();
		}
		int width = 70;
		int height = 25;
		BufferedImage bi = new BufferedImage(width,height,BufferedImage.TYPE_3BYTE_BGR);
		Font font = new Font("Times New Roman",Font.PLAIN,20);
		//调用Graphics2D绘画验证码
		Graphics2D g = bi.createGraphics();
		g.setFont(font);
		Color color = new Color(66,2,82);
		g.setColor(color);
		g.setBackground(new Color(226,226,240));
		g.clearRect(0, 0, width, height);
		FontRenderContext context = g.getFontRenderContext();
		Rectangle2D bounds = font.getStringBounds(code, context);
		double x = (width - bounds.getWidth()) / 2;
		double y = (height - bounds.getHeight()) / 2;
		double ascent = bounds.getY();
		double baseY = y - ascent;
		g.drawString(code, (int)x, (int)baseY);
		g.dispose();
		try {
			ImageIO.write(bi, "jpg", output);
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return code;
	}
	
	/**
	 * 随机参数一个字符
	 * @return
	 */
	private char randomChar(){
		Random r = new Random();
		String s = "ABCDEFGHJKLMNPRSTUVWXYZ0123456789";
		return s.charAt(r.nextInt(s.length()));
	}
}

引入jQuery.js:

<script type="text/javascript" src="source/js/jquery-1.9.0.min.js"></script>  
用jquery写个函数:
function genTimestamp() {  
            var time = new Date();  
            return time.getTime();  
        }  
function changeCode() {  
            $("#Img").attr("src", "code.do?t=" + genTimestamp());  
        }  
写个img标签调用函数:

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