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[Android开发学习27]界面控件之进度条(ProgressBar)

2013-04-06

一、基础知识:1.ProgressBar在界面文件XML中的布局:[html]<progressBar android:id="@+id/progressbar_updown" android:layout_width="200dp" android:layout_height="wrap_content" style="?android:attr/p...

一、基础知识:

1.ProgressBar在界面文件XML中的布局:

[html]
<progressBar android:id="@+id/progressbar_updown"
android:layout_width="200dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
style="?android:attr/progressBarStyleHorizontal"
android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
android:max="100"
android:progress="50"
android:secondaryProgress="70" >

<progressBar android:id="@+id/progressbar_updown"
android:layout_width="200dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
style="?android:attr/progressBarStyleHorizontal"
android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
android:max="100"
android:progress="50"
android:secondaryProgress="70" >

[plain]
style="?android:attr/progressBarStyleHorizontal" 设置风格为长形
android:max="100" 最大进度值为100
android:progress="50" 初始化的进度值
android:secondaryProgress="70" 初始化的底层第二个进度值
android:layout_gravity="center_vertical" 垂直居中

style="?android:attr/progressBarStyleHorizontal" 设置风格为长形
android:max="100" 最大进度值为100
android:progress="50" 初始化的进度值
android:secondaryProgress="70" 初始化的底层第二个进度值
android:layout_gravity="center_vertical" 垂直居中


2.ProgressBar在代码文件(.java)中的控制使用:

[java]
private ProgressBar myProgressBar;
//定义ProgressBar

myProgressBar = (ProgressBar) findViewById(R.id.progressbar_updown);
//ProgressBar通过ID来从XML中获取

myProgressBar.incrementProgressBy(5);
//ProgressBar进度值增加5

myProgressBar.incrementProgressBy(-5);
//ProgressBar进度值减少5

myProgressBar.incrementSecondaryProgressBy(5);
//ProgressBar背后的第二个进度条 进度值增加5

myProgressBar.incrementSecondaryProgressBy(-5);
//ProgressBar背后的第二个进度条 进度值减少5

private ProgressBar myProgressBar;
//定义ProgressBar

myProgressBar = (ProgressBar) findViewById(R.id.progressbar_updown);
//ProgressBar通过ID来从XML中获取

myProgressBar.incrementProgressBy(5);
//ProgressBar进度值增加5

myProgressBar.incrementProgressBy(-5);
//ProgressBar进度值减少5

myProgressBar.incrementSecondaryProgressBy(5);
//ProgressBar背后的第二个进度条 进度值增加5

myProgressBar.incrementSecondaryProgressBy(-5);
//ProgressBar背后的第二个进度条 进度值减少5

3.XML重要属性

android:progressBarStyle:默认进度条样式

android:progressBarStyleHorizontal:水平样式

4.重要方法

[plain]
getMax():返回这个进度条的范围的上限

getProgress():返回进度

getSecondaryProgress():返回次要进度

incrementProgressBy(int diff):指定增加的进度

isIndeterminate():指示进度条是否在不确定模式下

setIndeterminate(boolean indeterminate):设置不确定模式下

setVisibility(int v):设置该进度条是否可视

getMax():返回这个进度条的范围的上限

getProgress():返回进度

getSecondaryProgress():返回次要进度

incrementProgressBy(int diff):指定增加的进度

isIndeterminate():指示进度条是否在不确定模式下

setIndeterminate(boolean indeterminate):设置不确定模式下

setVisibility(int v):设置该进度条是否可视


二、代码展示:

1."Activity_09\src\yan\activity_09\MainActivity.java"

[java]
package yan.activity_09;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.ProgressBar;
import android.app.Activity;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {
// 声明变量
private ProgressBar firstBar = null;
private ProgressBar secondBar = null;
private Button myButton = null;
private int progress_vol = 0;

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.main);

//映射控件ID到变量
firstBar = (ProgressBar)findViewById(R.id.firstBar);
secondBar = (ProgressBar)findViewById(R.id.secondBar);
myButton = (Button)findViewById(R.id.myButton);


myButton.setOnClickListener(new ButtonListenr());
}

class ButtonListenr implements OnClickListener{

@Override
public void onClick(View v) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
if(0 == progress_vol)
{
// 设置进度条的最大值
firstBar.setMax(200);
// 设置进度条为可见的状态
firstBar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
secondBar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
}else if(progress_vol < firstBar.getMax()){
// 设置主进度条的当前值
firstBar.setProgress(progress_vol);
// 设置第二进度条的当前值
firstBar.setSecondaryProgress(progress_vol+10);
// 默认的进度条是无法显示进行的状态的
//secondBar.setProgress(progress_vol);
}else{
// 设置进度条为不可见的状态
firstBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
secondBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
}
progress_vol +=10;
}

}
}

package yan.activity_09;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.ProgressBar;
import android.app.Activity;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {
// 声明变量
private ProgressBar firstBar = null;
private ProgressBar secondBar = null;
private Button myButton = null;
private int progress_vol = 0;

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.main);

//映射控件ID到变量
firstBar = (ProgressBar)findViewById(R.id.firstBar);
secondBar = (ProgressBar)findViewById(R.id.secondBar);
myButton = (Button)findViewById(R.id.myButton);


myButton.setOnClickListener(new ButtonListenr());
}

class ButtonListenr implements OnClickListener{

@Override
public void onClick(View v) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
if(0 == progress_vol)
{
// 设置进度条的最大值
firstBar.setMax(200);
// 设置进度条为可见的状态
firstBar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
secondBar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
}else if(progress_vol < firstBar.getMax()){
// 设置主进度条的当前值
firstBar.setProgress(progress_vol);
// 设置第二进度条的当前值
firstBar.setSecondaryProgress(progress_vol+10);
// 默认的进度条是无法显示进行的状态的
//secondBar.setProgress(progress_vol);
}else{
// 设置进度条为不可见的状态
firstBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
secondBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
}
progress_vol +=10;
}

}
}

2."Activity_09\res\layout\main.xml"

[html]
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:orientation="vertical"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
android:background="#00aaaa"
>
<TextView
android:id="@+id/firstText"
android:text="@string/hello_world"
android:gravity="center_vertical"
android:textSize="15pt"
android:background="#aa0000"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:singleLine="true"/>
<ProgressBar
android:id="@+id/firstBar"
style="?android:attr/progressBarStyleHorizontal"
android:layout_width="200dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:visibility="gone"
/>
<ProgressBar
android:id="@+id/secondBar"
style="?android:attr/progressBarStyle"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:visibility="gone"
/>
<Button
android:id="@+id/myButton"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="begin"
/>
</LinearLayout>

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:orientation="vertical"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
android:background="#00aaaa"
>
<TextView
android:id="@+id/firstText"
android:text="@string/hello_world"
android:gravity="center_vertical"
android:textSize="15pt"
android:background="#aa0000"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:singleLine="true"/>
<ProgressBar
android:id="@+id/firstBar"
style="?android:attr/progressBarStyleHorizontal"
android:layout_width="200dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:visibility="gone"
/>
<ProgressBar
android:id="@+id/secondBar"
style="?android:attr/progressBarStyle"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:visibility="gone"
/>
<Button
android:id="@+id/myButton"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="begin"
/>
</LinearLayout>
3."Activity_09\res\values\strings.xml"

[html]
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>

<string name="app_name">Activity_09</string>
<string name="hello_world">Hello world!</string>
<string name="menu_settings">Settings</string>

</resources>

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>

<string name="app_name">Activity_09</string>
<string name="hello_world">Hello world!</string>
<string name="menu_settings">Settings</string>

</resources>

三、效果展示:

\

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