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Android软键盘的一些控制

2012-01-18

"EditText + Button" 形成一个"输入+按键响应" 的案例在android编程中是最常见不过的了。但还有一些细节需要注意:在EditText输入后,点击Button进行请求,软键盘应该自行消失在EditText输入后,不点击Butto...

"EditText + Button" 形成一个"输入+按键响应" 的案例在android编程中是最常见不过的了。

但还有一些细节需要注意:

在EditText输入后,点击Button进行请求,软键盘应该自行消失
在EditText输入后,不点击Button进行请求,而是直接点击软键盘上的"回车",那么也应该能够正常响应请求
针对问题1,可以在响应Button的onClick事件中,主动将软键盘隐藏,加入如下代码即可
[java]
InputMethodManager imm =(InputMethodManager)getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
imm.hideSoftInputFromWindow(mEditText.getWindowToken(), 0);
针对问题2,可以在EditText的api doc中找到答案
void android.widget.TextView.setOnEditorActionListener(OnEditorActionListener l)
Set a special listener to be called when an action is performed on the text view. This will be called when the enter key is pressed, or when an action supplied to the IME is selected by the user. Setting this means that the normal hard key event will not insert a newline into the text view, even if it is multi-line; holding down the ALT modifier will, however, allow the user to insert a newline character.

Parameters:
l
因此,只需要给EditText设置一个onEditorActionListener就好了,简单示例如下
[java] www.2cto.com
// The action listener for the EditText widget, to listen for the return key
private TextView.OnEditorActionListener mWriteListener =
new TextView.OnEditorActionListener() {
public boolean onEditorAction(TextView view, int actionId, KeyEvent event) {
// If the action is a key-up event on the return key, send the message
if (actionId == EditorInfo.IME_NULL && event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_UP) {
String message = view.getText().toString();
sendMessage(message);
}
if(D) Log.i(TAG, "END onEditorAction");
return true;
}
};
备注一下:TextView.OnEditorActionListener接口方法onEditorAction方法的第二个参数actionId,其可能的值在EditorInfo的说明中能够找到。列举如下


IME_ACTION_DONE
IME_ACTION_GO
IME_ACTION_NEXT
IME_ACTION_NONE
IME_ACTION_PREVIOUS
IME_ACTION_SEARCH
IME_ACTION_SEND
IME_ACTION_UNSPECIFIED


摘自 火山哥的专栏
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