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MigratingOracle18cTo19c-candon123-51CTO博客

2019-05-07

本文包含了以下两个知识点: 静默安装Oracle 19c; 通过rman升级数据库。 一、静默安装Oracle 19c 1 1 安装并配置Gird组件 创建响应文件grid rsp,内容如下: oracle install responseFileVersion= oracle i

本文包含了以下两个知识点:

  1. 静默安装Oracle 19c;
  2. 通过rman升级数据库

    一、静默安装Oracle 19c

    1.1 安装并配置Gird组件

    创建响应文件grid.rsp,内容如下:

    oracle.install.responseFileVersion=/oracle/install/rspfmt_crsinstall_response_schema_v19.0.0
    INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory
    oracle.install.option=HA_CONFIG
    ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/grid
    oracle.install.asm.OSDBA=asmdba
    oracle.install.asm.OSOPER=asmoper
    oracle.install.asm.OSASM=asmadmin
    oracle.install.crs.config.scanType=LOCAL_SCAN
    oracle.install.crs.config.SCANClientDataFile=
    oracle.install.crs.config.gpnp.scanName=db-cluster-scan
    oracle.install.crs.config.gpnp.scanPort=1521
    oracle.install.crs.config.ClusterConfiguration=STANDALONE
    oracle.install.crs.config.configureAsExtendedCluster=false
    oracle.install.crs.config.memberClusterManifestFile=
    oracle.install.crs.config.clusterName=db-cluster
    oracle.install.crs.config.gpnp.configureGNS=false
    oracle.install.crs.config.autoConfigureClusterNodeVIP=false
    oracle.install.crs.config.gpnp.gnsOption=
    oracle.install.crs.config.gpnp.gnsClientDataFile=
    oracle.install.crs.config.gpnp.gnsSubDomain=
    oracle.install.crs.config.gpnp.gnsVIPAddress=
    oracle.install.crs.config.sites=
    oracle.install.crs.config.clusterNodes=
    oracle.install.crs.config.networkInterfaceList=
    oracle.install.crs.configureGIMR=false
    oracle.install.asm.configureGIMRDataDG=false
    oracle.install.crs.config.storageOption=
    oracle.install.crs.config.sharedFileSystemStorage.votingDiskLocations=
    oracle.install.crs.config.sharedFileSystemStorage.ocrLocations=               
    oracle.install.crs.config.useIPMI=false
    oracle.install.crs.config.ipmi.bmcUsername=
    oracle.install.crs.config.ipmi.bmcPassword=
    oracle.install.asm.SYSASMPassword=abcABC12
    oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.name=DATA
    oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.redundancy=EXTERNAL
    oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.AUSize=4
    oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.FailureGroups=
    oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.disksWithFailureGroupNames=/dev/sdb,
    oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.disks=/dev/sdb
    oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.quorumFailureGroupNames=
    oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.diskDiscoveryString=/dev/sd*
    oracle.install.asm.monitorPassword=abcABC12
    oracle.install.asm.gimrDG.name=
    oracle.install.asm.gimrDG.redundancy=
    oracle.install.asm.gimrDG.AUSize=1
    oracle.install.asm.gimrDG.FailureGroups=
    oracle.install.asm.gimrDG.disksWithFailureGroupNames=
    oracle.install.asm.gimrDG.disks=
    oracle.install.asm.gimrDG.quorumFailureGroupNames=
    oracle.install.asm.configureAFD=true
    oracle.install.crs.configureRHPS=false
    oracle.install.crs.config.ignoreDownNodes=false               
    oracle.install.config.managementOption=NONE
    oracle.install.config.omsHost=
    oracle.install.config.omsPort=0
    oracle.install.config.emAdminUser=
    oracle.install.config.emAdminPassword=
    oracle.install.crs.rootconfig.executeRootScript=true
    oracle.install.crs.rootconfig.configMethod=ROOT
    oracle.install.crs.rootconfig.sudoPath=
    oracle.install.crs.rootconfig.sudoUserName=
    oracle.install.crs.config.batchinfo=
    oracle.install.crs.app.applicationAddress=
    oracle.install.crs.deleteNode.nodes=

    如果使用AFD新特性,那么在安装之前,必须更改磁盘属主为grid用户,这里使用了两块磁盘:sdb和sdc,更改属主如下:

    [root@db03 ~]# chown grid:oinstall /dev/sd{b,c}

    使用下面的命令进行安装配置:

    [grid@db03 ~]$ cd $ORACLE_HOME
    [grid@db03 grid]$ unzip /u02/software/19c/LINUX.x64_193000_grid_home.zip
    [grid@db03 grid]$ ./gridSetup.sh  -silent -ignorePrereq -responseFile /tmp/grid.rsp 

    响应文件里,默认只创建了一个data磁盘组,如果还需要创建其他的磁盘组,以FRA磁盘组为例,使用下面的命令:

    [grid@db03 grid]$ asmca -silent -createDiskGroup -diskGroupName FRA -diskList /dev/sdc -redundancy EXTERNAL -au_size 4 -sysAsmPassword abcABC12
    --更改资源ora.driver.afd的组为oinstall,默认为asmadmin。
    [grid@db03 ~]$ crsctl modify resource ora.driver.afd -attr "ACL='owner:grid:rwx,pgrp:oinstall:r-x,other::r--,user:grid:r-x' " -init
    [grid@db03 ~]$ crsctl stat res ora.driver.afd -p|head -4

    1.2 安装database组件

    创建响应文件db.rsp,内容如下:

    oracle.install.responseFileVersion=/oracle/install/rspfmt_dbinstall_response_schema_v19.0.0
    oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY
    UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall
    INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory
    ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
    oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE
    oracle.install.db.OSDBA_GROUP=dba
    oracle.install.db.OSOPER_GROUP=oper
    oracle.install.db.OSBACKUPDBA_GROUP=dba
    oracle.install.db.OSDGDBA_GROUP=dba
    oracle.install.db.OSKMDBA_GROUP=dba
    oracle.install.db.OSRACDBA_GROUP=dba
    oracle.install.db.CLUSTER_NODES=
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.type=GENERAL_PURPOSE
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.globalDBName=
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.SID=
    oracle.install.db.ConfigureAsContainerDB=false
    oracle.install.db.config.PDBName=
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.characterSet=
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.memoryOption=false
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.memoryLimit=
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.installExampleSchemas=false
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.password.ALL=
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.password.SYS=
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.password.SYSTEM=
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.password.DBSNMP=
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.password.PDBADMIN=
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.managementOption=DEFAULT
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.omsHost=
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.omsPort=0
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.emAdminUser=
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.emAdminPassword=
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.enableRecovery=false
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.storageType=
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.fileSystemStorage.dataLocation=
    oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.fileSystemStorage.recoveryLocation=
    oracle.install.db.config.asm.diskGroup=
    oracle.install.db.config.asm.ASMSNMPPassword=

    使用下面的命令开始安装:

    [oracle@db03 ~]$ cd $ORACLE_HOME
    [oracle@db03 db_1]$ unzip /u02/software/19c/LINUX.x64_193000_db_home.zip
    [oracle@db03 db_1]$ ./gridSetup.sh  -silent -ignorePrereq -responseFile /tmp/db.rsp
    [root@db03 ~]# /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/db_1/root.sh

    到此,整个19c的环境搭建完毕。

    二、迁移准备工作

    注意:新旧环境的数据库实例名必须保持一致。

    2.1 创建参数文件

    使用18c的spfile创建pfile,并复制到19c的目录。

    SQL> create pfile='/tmp/initcdb.ora' from spfile;
    [oracle@db02 ~]$ scp /tmp/initcdb.ora db03:$ORACLE_HOME/dbs

    2.2 拷贝密码文件

    将18c的密码参数文件复制到19c的目录。

    [oracle@db02 ~]$ scp $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/orapwcdb db03:$ORACLE_HOME/dbs

    2.3 创建adump目录

    必须创建19c的adumo文件夹,否则使用pfile初次启动实例会报错。

    [oracle@db03 ~]$ mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/admin/cdb/adump

    2.4 备份18c数据库

    [oracle@db02 ~]$ rman target /
    run {
    allocate channel c1 device type disk;
    backup database format '/u02/orabak/rhndb_%U';
    sql 'alter system archive log current';
    backup format '/u02/orabak/%d_arch_%s_%p_%h' archivelog all delete all input;
    backup format '/u02/orabak/controlfile_%d_%s_%p' current controlfile;
    release channel c1;
    }

    备份后的文件名如下图所示:
    Migrating Oracle 18c To 19c

    三、正式迁移过程

    整个过程就是一个异机恢复过程。只不过在恢复完成后,要以upgrade方式打开数据库,完成后续升级操作。

    3.1 恢复控制文件

[oracle@db03 ~]$ rman target /

Recovery Manager: Release 19.0.0.0.0 - Production on Sun May 5 15:47:32 2019
Version 19.3.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

connected to target database (not started)

RMAN> set dbid 2122265785

executing command: SET DBID

RMAN> startup nomount;

Oracle instance started

Total System Global Area    4294965360 bytes

Fixed Size                     9144432 bytes
Variable Size                771751936 bytes
Database Buffers            3506438144 bytes
Redo Buffers                   7630848 bytes

RMAN> restore controlfile from '/u02/orabak/controlfile_CDB_19_1';

Starting restore at 05-MAY-2019 15:48:12
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=773 device type=DISK

channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring control file
channel ORA_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:04
output file name=+DATA/CDB/CONTROLFILE/current.257.1007480897
output file name=+FRA/CDB/CONTROLFILE/current.256.1007480897
Finished restore at 05-MAY-2019 15:48:19

RMAN> alter database mount;

released channel: ORA_DISK_1
Statement processed

3.2 创建spfile并注册资源

RMAN> create spfile='+data/cdb/spfilecdb.ora' from pfile;

Statement processed
[oracle@db03 ~]$ srvctl add database -db cdb -oraclehome /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/db_1 -pwfile $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/orapwcdb -spfile '+DATA/CDB/spfilecdb.ora' -dbname cdb -diskgroup data,fra 
[oracle@db03 ~]$ echo 'SPFILE='+DATA/CDB/spfilecdb.ora'' >$ORACLE_HOME/dbs/initcdb.ora

3.3 恢复整个数据库

--在rman中运行如下命令进行全库恢复
run {
 allocate channel c1 device type disk;
 restore database;
 recover database;
 release channel c1;
 }

恢复完成后,以upgrade方式打开数据库并向temp表空间添加数据文件:

RMAN> alter database open resetlogs upgrade;
RMAN> alter tablespace temp add tempfile '+data' size 50M autoextend on next 100m maxsize unlimited;

3.4 执行dbupgrade进行升级操作

[oracle@db03 ~]$ dbupgrade -u sys

Argument list for [/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/db_1/rdbms/admin/catctl.pl]
For Oracle internal use only A = 0
Run in                       c = 0
Do not run in                C = 0
Input Directory              d = 0
Echo OFF                     e = 1
Simulate                     E = 0
Forced cleanup               F = 0
Log Id                       i = 0
Child Process                I = 0
Log Dir                      l = 0
Priority List Name           L = 0
Upgrade Mode active          M = 0
SQL Process Count            n = 0
SQL PDB Process Count        N = 0
Open Mode Normal             o = 0
Start Phase                  p = 0
End Phase                    P = 0
Reverse Order                r = 0
AutoUpgrade Resume           R = 0
Script                       s = 0
Serial Run                   S = 0
RO User Tablespaces          T = 0
Display Phases               y = 0
Debug catcon.pm              z = 0
Debug catctl.pl              Z = 0

catctl.pl VERSION: [19.0.0.0.0]
           STATUS: [Production]
            BUILD: [RDBMS_19.3.0.0.0DBRU_LINUX.X64_190417]

/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/db_1/rdbms/admin/orahome = [/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/db_1]
/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/db_1/bin/orabasehome = [/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/db_1]
catctlGetOraBaseLogDir = [/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/db_1]

Analyzing file /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/db_1/rdbms/admin/catupgrd.sql

Log file directory = [/tmp/cfgtoollogs/upgrade20190505160915]

catcon::set_log_file_base_path: ALL catcon-related output will be written to [/tmp/cfgtoollogs/upgrade20190505160915/catupgrd_catcon_44738.lst]

catcon::set_log_file_base_path: catcon: See [/tmp/cfgtoollogs/upgrade20190505160915/catupgrd*.log] files for output generated by scripts

catcon::set_log_file_base_path: catcon: See [/tmp/cfgtoollogs/upgrade20190505160915/catupgrd_*.lst] files for spool files, if any

Enter Password: 

Number of Cpus        = 4
Database Name         = cdb
DataBase Version      = 18.0.0.0.0
catcon::set_log_file_base_path: ALL catcon-related output will be written to [/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/cdb/upgrade20190505160957/catupgrdcdbroot_catcon_44738.lst]

catcon::set_log_file_base_path: catcon: See [/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/cdb/upgrade20190505160957/catupgrdcdbroot*.log] files for output generated by scripts

catcon::set_log_file_base_path: catcon: See [/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/cdb/upgrade20190505160957/catupgrdcdbroot_*.lst] files for spool files, if any

Log file directory = [/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/cdb/upgrade20190505160957]

Parallel SQL Process Count (PDB)      = 2
Parallel SQL Process Count (CDB$ROOT) = 4
Concurrent PDB Upgrades               = 2
Generated PDB Inclusion:[PDB$SEED RHNDB SPWDB]
Components in [CDB$ROOT]
    Installed [APS CATALOG CATJAVA CATPROC CONTEXT DV JAVAVM OLS ORDIM OWM SDO XDB XML XOQ]
Not Installed [APEX EM MGW ODM RAC WK]
......
Grand Total Time: 2468s [SPWDB]

 LOG FILES: (/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/cdb/upgrade20190505160957/catupgrdspwdb*.log)

Upgrade Summary Report Located in:
/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/cdb/upgrade20190505160957/upg_summary.log

     Time: 1992s For CDB$ROOT
     Time: 4505s For PDB(s)

Grand Total Time: 6497s 

 LOG FILES: (/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/cdb/upgrade20190505160957/catupgrdcdbroot*.log)

Upgrade Summary Report Located in:
/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/cdb/upgrade20190505160957/upg_summary.log

Grand Total Upgrade Time:    [0d:1h:48m:17s]

如果源库中存在多个pdb,那么这个升级过程会比较耗时。升级完成后,可以验证所有的组件以升级到19.0.0.0版本,如下图所示:

col comp_name for a40
set wrap off
set pagesize 999
select comp_name,version, status from dba_registry;

Migrating Oracle 18c To 19c

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