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ORACLE11GRAC启动关闭步骤

2017-07-19

ORACLE11GRAC启动关闭步骤,1、(ORACLE)查看集群中的数据库运行状态,最后接着是RAC名,不是实例的名称。

1、(ORACLE)查看集群中的数据库运行状态,最后接着是RAC名,不是实例的名称。

srvctlstatus database -d tax

Oracle@svrtrpc001:~>srvctl status database -d tax

Instancetax1 is running on node svrtrpc001

Instancetax2 is running on node svrtrpc002

Instancetax3 is running on node svrtrpc003

-----------------------------------------------------

(oracle)查看数据库的运行状态,最后接着是RAC名,不是实例的名称。

srvctlstatus database -d tax -v

oracle@svrtrpc001:~>srvctl status database -d tax -v

Instancetax1 is running on node svrtrpc001. Instance status: Open.

Instance tax2is running on node svrtrpc002. Instance status: Open.

Instancetax3 is running on node svrtrpc003. Instance status: Open.

-----------------------------------------

(ORACLE)查看实例运行状态,最后接着节点名

srvctlstatus instance -d tax -i tax1

oracle@svrtrpc001:~>srvctl status instance -d tax -i tax1

Instancetax1 is running on node svrtrpc001

---------------------------------------------------

(ORACLE)查看集群的配置情况

srvctlconfig -p tax -n tax

oracle@svrtrpc001:~>srvctl config -p tax -n tax

Databaseunique name: tax

Databasename: tax

Oraclehome: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0

Oracleuser: oracle

Spfile:+DATADG/tax/spfiletax.ora

Domain:

Startoptions: open

Stopoptions: immediate

Databaserole: PRIMARY

Managementpolicy: AUTOMATIC

Serverpools: tax

Database instances:tax1,tax2,tax3

DiskGroups: DATADG

Mountpoint paths:

Services:

Type: RAC

Databaseis administrator managed

-----------------------------------------------

2、启动:srvctl start

I thinkmaybe it's one of the most frequently used commands as well as 'srvctl stop'.

Availableoptions: database|instance|service|nodeapps|asm

# Startdatabase

srvctlstart database -d orcl -o nomount

srvctlstart database -d orcl -o mount

srvctlstart database -d orcl -o open

# Grammarfor start instance

srvctl start instance -d [db_name] -i [instance_name]

-o[start_option] -c [connect_str] -q

# Startall instances on the all nodes

srvctlstart instance -d orcl -i orcl1,orcl2,...

# StartASM instance

srvctlstart ASM -n [node_name] -i asm1 -o open

# Startall apps in one node

srvctlstart nodeapps -n [node_name]

# New:srvctl can manage listener's startup in DB 10.2

srvctlstart listener -n

-------------------------------------------------

3、关闭:srvctl stop

I thinkmaybe it's also one of the most frequently used

commandsas well as 'srvctl start'.

Availableoptions: database|instance|service|nodeapps|asm

# Stopdatabase

srvctlstop database -d orcl -o normal

srvctlstop database -d orcl -o immediate

srvctlstop database -d orcl -o abort

# Grammarfor start instance

srvctlstop instance -d [db_name] -i [instance_name]

-o[start_option] -c

--------------------------

4、检查集群状态:

[grid@rac02~]$ crsctl check cluster

CRS-4537:Cluster Ready Services is online

CRS-4529:Cluster Synchronization Services is online

CRS-4533:Event Manager is online

4.1、所有 Oracle 实例 —(数据库状态):

[grid@rac02~]$ srvctl status database -d racdb

Instanceracdb1 is running on node rac01

Instanceracdb2 is running on node rac02

4.2、检查单个实例状态:

[grid@rac02~]$ srvctl status instance -d racdb -i racdb1

Instanceracdb1 is running on node rac01

4.3、节点应用程序状态:

[grid@rac02~]$ srvctl status nodeapps

VIPrac01-vip is enabled

VIPrac01-vip is running on node: rac01

VIPrac02-vip is enabled

VIPrac02-vip is running on node: rac02

Network isenabled

Networkis running on node: rac01

Networkis running on node: rac02

GSD isdisabled

GSD isnot running on node: rac01

GSD isnot running on node: rac02

ONS isenabled

ONSdaemon is running on node: rac01

ONSdaemon is running on node: rac02

eONS isenabled

eONSdaemon is running on node: rac01

eONSdaemon is running on node: rac02

4.4、列出所有的配置数据库:

[grid@rac02~]$ srvctl config database

racdb

4.5、数据库配置:

[grid@rac02~]$ srvctl config database -d racdb -a

Databaseunique name: racdb

Databasename: racdb

Oraclehome: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1

Oracleuser: oracle

Spfile:+RACDB_DATA/racdb/spfileracdb.ora

Domain:xzxj.edu.cn

Startoptions: open

Stopoptions: immediate

Databaserole: PRIMARY

Managementpolicy: AUTOMATIC

Serverpools: racdb

Databaseinstances: racdb1,racdb2

DiskGroups: RACDB_DATA,FRA

Services:

Databaseis enabled

Databaseis administrator managed

4.6、ASM状态以及ASM配置:

[grid@rac02~]$ srvctl status asm

ASM isrunning on rac01,rac02

[grid@rac02~]$ srvctl config asm -a

ASM home:/u01/app/11.2.0/grid

ASMlistener: LISTENER

ASM isenabled.

8、TNS监听器状态以及配置:

[grid@rac02~]$ srvctl status listener

ListenerLISTENER is enabled

ListenerLISTENER is running on node(s): rac01,rac02

[grid@rac02~]$ srvctl config listener -a

Name:LISTENER

Network:1, Owner: grid

Home:

/u01/app/11.2.0/grid on node(s) rac02,rac01

Endpoints: TCP:1521

4.7、SCAN状态以及配置:

[grid@rac02~]$ srvctl status scan

SCAN VIPscan1 is enabled

SCAN VIPscan1 is running on node rac02

[grid@rac02~]$ srvctl config scan

SCANname: rac-scan.xzxj.edu.cn, Network: 1/192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0/eth0

SCAN VIPname: scan1, IP: /rac-scan.xzxj.edu.cn/192.168.1.55

4.8、VIP各个节点的状态以及配置:

[grid@rac02~]$ srvctl status vip -n rac01

VIPrac01-vip is enabled

VIPrac01-vip is running on node: rac01

[grid@rac02~]$ srvctl status vip -n rac02

VIPrac02-vip is enabled

VIPrac02-vip is running on node: rac02

[grid@rac02~]$ srvctl config vip -n rac01

VIPexists.:rac01

VIPexists.: /rac01-vip/192.168.1.53/255.255.255.0/eth0

[grid@rac02~]$ srvctl config vip -n rac02

VIPexists.:rac02

VIPexists.: /rac02-vip/192.168.1.54/255.255.255.0/eth0

4.9、节点应用程序配置 —(VIP、GSD、ONS、监听器)

[grid@rac02~]$ srvctl config nodeapps -a -g -s -l

-l optionhas been deprecated and will be ignored.

VIPexists.:rac01

VIPexists.: /rac01-vip/192.168.1.53/255.255.255.0/eth0

VIPexists.:rac02

VIPexists.: /rac02-vip/192.168.1.54/255.255.255.0/eth0

GSDexists.

ONSdaemon exists. Local port 6100, remote port 6200

Name:LISTENER

Network:1, Owner: grid

Home:

/u01/app/11.2.0/grid on node(s) rac02,rac01

Endpoints: TCP:1521

4.10、验证所有集群节点间的时钟同步:

[grid@rac02~]$ cluvfy comp clocksync -verbose

VerifyingClock Synchronization across the cluster nodes

Checkingif Clusterware is installed on all nodes...

Check ofClusterware install passed

Checkingif CTSS Resource is running on all nodes...

Check:CTSS Resource running on all nodes

Node Name Status

------------------------------------ ------------------------

rac02 passed

Result:CTSS resource check passed

QueryingCTSS for time offset on all nodes...

Result:Query of CTSS for time offset passed

CheckCTSS state started...

Check:CTSS state

Node Name State

------------------------------------ ------------------------

rac02 Active

CTSS isin Active state. Proceeding with check of clock time offsets on all nodes...

ReferenceTime Offset Limit: 1000.0 msecs

Check:Reference Time Offset

Node Name Time Offset Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------

rac02 0.0 passed

Timeoffset is within the specified limits on the following set of nodes:

"[rac02]"

Result:Check of clock time offsets passed

OracleCluster Time Synchronization Services check passed

Verificationof Clock Synchronization across the cluster nodes was successful.

4.11、集群中所有正在运行的实例 — (SQL):

SELECTinst_id , instance_number inst_no , instance_name inst_name , parallel , status, database_status db_status , active_state state , host_name host FROMgv$instance ORDER BY inst_id;

4.12、所有数据库文件及它们所在的 ASM 磁盘组— (SQL):

16、启动和停止集群:

以下操作需用root用户执行。

(1)、在本地服务器上停止OracleClusterware 系统

[root@rac01~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/crsctl stop cluster

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.crsd' on 'rac01'

CRS-2790:Starting shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed resources on 'rac01'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.CRS.dg' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.racdb.db' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.registry.acfs' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677:Stop of 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.rac01.vip' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677:Stop of 'ora.rac01.vip' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2672:Attempting to start 'ora.rac01.vip' on 'rac02'

CRS-2677:Stop of 'ora.registry.acfs' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2676:Start of 'ora.rac01.vip' on 'rac02' succeeded

CRS-2677:Stop of 'ora.CRS.dg' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2677:Stop of 'ora.racdb.db' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.FRA.dg' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.RACDB_DATA.dg' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677:Stop of 'ora.FRA.dg' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2677:Stop of 'ora.RACDB_DATA.dg' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677:Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.ons' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.eons' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677:Stop of 'ora.ons' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.net1.network' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677:Stop of 'ora.net1.network' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2677:Stop of 'ora.eons' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2792:Shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed resources on 'rac01' has completed

CRS-2677:Stop of 'ora.crsd' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.evmd' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677:Stop of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2677:Stop of 'ora.evmd' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2677:Stop of 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2677:Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.cssd' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677:Stop of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2673:Attempting to stop 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677:Stop of 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac01' succeeded

注:在运行“crsctl stopcluster”命令之后,如果 Oracle Clusterware 管理的资源中有任何一个还在运行,则整个命令失败。使用 -f 选项无条件地停止所有资源并停止 Oracle Clusterware 系统。

另请注意,可通过指定 -all 选项在集群中所有服务器上停止 Oracle Clusterware 系统。如下所示,在rac01和rac02上停止oracle clusterware系统:

[root@rac02~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/crsctl stop cluster –all

在本地服务器上启动oralceclusterware系统:

[root@rac01~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/crsctl start cluster

注:可通过指定 -all 选项在集群中所有服务器上启动 Oracle Clusterware 系统。

[root@rac02~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/crsctl start cluster –all

还可以通过列出服务器(各服务器之间以空格分隔)在集群中一个或多个指定的服务器上启动 Oracle Clusterware 系统:

[root@rac01~]# /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/crsctl start cluster -n rac01 rac02

使用 SRVCTL 启动/停止所有实例:

[oracle@rac01~]#srvctl stop database -d racdb

[oracle@rac01~]#srvctl start database -d racdb

安装的后置任务:

1.官方建议的两个安装后置任务

(1) 备份 root.sh 脚本

官方建议在完成安装后要备份root.sh脚本文件。如果在OracleHome目录中又安装其它的产品,安装时OUI会升级已存在的root.sh文件。如果需要root.sh内的原始信息,就可以在备份中找到。

cd$ORACLE_HOME;cp root.sh root.sh.bak

(2)重新编译无效对象

运行 utlrp.sql 脚本立即重新编译所有无效的PL/SQL 程序包,而不是在首次访问它们时再重新编译。这是个可选步骤,但建议您选择该步骤。

[oracle@racnode1~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL>@?/rdbms/admin/utlrp.sql2.

在 RAC 环境中启用存档日志

(1)、以 oracle 用户身份登录到一个节点(即racnode1),通过在当前实例中将 cluster_database 设置为 FALSE 来禁用集群实例参数:

[oracle@rac01~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL>alter system set cluster_database=false scope=spfile sid='racdb1';

Systemaltered.

(2)、以 oracle 用户身份关闭所有 访问集群化数据库的实例:

[oracle@rac01~]$ srvctl stop database -d racdb

(3)、使用本地实例,挂载数据库:

[oracle@rac01~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus:Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Sat Nov 21 19:26:47 2009 Copyright (c) 1982,2009, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to an idle instance.

SQL>startup mount

ORACLEinstance started.

TotalSystem Global Area 1653518336 bytes

FixedSize 2213896 bytes

VariableSize 1073743864 bytes

DatabaseBuffers 570425344 bytes

RedoBuffers 7135232 bytes

(4)、启用存档功能:

SQL>alter database archivelog;

Databasealtered.

(5)、通过在当前实例中将实例参数 cluster_database 修改为 TRUE,重新启用对集群的支持:

SQL>alter system set cluster_database=true scope=spfile sid='racdb1';

Systemaltered.

(6)、关闭本地实例:

SQL>shutdown immediate

ORA-01109:database not open

Databasedismounted.

ORACLEinstance shut down.

(7)、以 oracle 帐户身份使用 srvctl命令重启所有实例:

[oracle@rac01~]$ srvctl start database -d racdb

(8)、登录到本地实例,验证存档日志模式已启用:

[oracle@rac01~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus:Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Sat Nov 21 19:33:38 2009 Copyright (c) 1982,2009, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g EnterpriseEdition Release 11.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production With the Partitioning, RealApplication Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Data Mining and RealApplication Testing options

SQL>archive log list

Databaselog mode Archive Mode

Automaticarchival Enabled

Archivedestination USE_DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST

Oldest online log sequence 69

Next logsequence to archive 70

Currentlog sequence 703

在两个RAC节点都备份spfile初始化参数文件:创建一个备份目录:

[oracle@rac02~]$ mkdir $ORACLE_HOME/spfile_bak

[oracle@rac02~]$ sqlplus “/as sysdba”

==============================================

crsctl说明

crsctladd resource

crsctladd type

crsctlcheck css

crsctldelete resource

crsctldelete type

crsctlget hostname

crsctlgetperm resource

crsctl getpermtype

crsctlmodify resource

crsctlmodify type

crsctlsetperm resource

crsctlsetperm type

crsctlstart resource

crsctlstatus resource

crsctlstatus type

crsctlstop resource

集群启动和停止

./crsctlstop cluster

./crsctlstart cluster

./crsctl check cr

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