# 如何查出同一张表中字段值重复的记录

2012-03-17

Java比如现在有一人员表（表名：peosons） 若想将姓名、身份证号、住址这三个字段完全相同的记录查询出来select p1.* from persons p1,persons p2where p1.idp2.id and p1.cardid = p2.cardid and ...

Java

select p1.* from persons p1,persons p2
where p1.idp2.id and p1.cardid = p2.cardid and p1.pname = p2.pname and p1.address = p2.address 可以实现上述效果．

1.用rowid方法
2.用group by方法
3.用distinct方法
1.用rowid方法

select * from table1 a where rowid !=(select max(rowid)
from table1 b where a.name1=b.name1 and a.name2=b.name2......)

delete from table1 a where rowid !=(select max(rowid)
from table1 b where a.name1=b.name1 and a.name2=b.name2......)
2.group by方法

select count(num), max(name) from student --列出重复的记录数，并列出他的name属性
group by num
having count(num) >1 --按num分组后找出表中num列重复，即出现次数大于一次

delete from student
group by num
having count(num) >1
这样的话就把所有重复的都删除了。
3.用distinct方法 -对于小的表比较有用
create table table_new as select distinct * from table1 minux
truncate table table1;
insert into table1 select * from table_new;

1、查找表中多余的重复记录，重复记录是根据单个字段（peopleId）来判断
select * from people
where peopleId in (select peopleId from people group by peopleId having count(peopleId) > 1)
2、删除表中多余的重复记录，重复记录是根据单个字段（peopleId）来判断，只留有rowid最小的记录
delete from people
where peopleId in (select peopleId from people group by peopleId having count(peopleId) > 1)
and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from people group by peopleId having count(peopleId )>1)
3、查找表中多余的重复记录（多个字段）
select * from vitae a
where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)
4、删除表中多余的重复记录（多个字段），只留有rowid最小的记录
delete from vitae a
where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)
and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*)>1)
5、查找表中多余的重复记录（多个字段），不包含rowid最小的记录
select * from vitae a
where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)
and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*)>1)
(二)

Select Name,Count(*) From A Group By Name Having Count(*) > 1

Select Name,sex,Count(*) From A Group By Name,sex Having Count(*) > 1
(三)

declare @max integer,@id integer
declare cur_rows cursor local for select 主字段,count(*) from 表名 group by 主字段 having count(*) >； 1
open cur_rows
fetch cur_rows into @id,@max
while @@fetch_status=0
begin
select @max = @max -1
set rowcount @max
delete from 表名 where 主字段 = @id
fetch cur_rows into @id,@max
end
close cur_rows
set rowcount 0

＂重复记录＂有两个意义上的重复记录，一是完全重复的记录，也即所有字段均重复的记录，二是部分关键字段重复的记录，比如Name字段重复，而其他字段不一定

1、对于第一种重复，比较容易解决，使用
select distinct * from tableName
就可以得到无重复记录的结果集。
如果该表需要删除重复的记录（重复记录保留1条），可以按以下方法删除
select distinct * into #Tmp from tableName
drop table tableName
select * into tableName from #Tmp
drop table #Tmp
发生这种重复的原因是表设计不周产生的，增加唯一索引列即可解决。
2、这类重复问题通常要求保留重复记录中的第一条记录，操作方法如下
select identity(int,1,1) as autoID, * into #Tmp from tableName
select min(autoID) as autoID into #Tmp2 from #Tmp group by Name,autoID
select * from #Tmp where autoID in(select autoID from #tmp2)