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如何查出同一张表中字段值重复的记录

2012-03-17

Java比如现在有一人员表(表名:peosons) 若想将姓名、身份证号、住址这三个字段完全相同的记录查询出来select p1.* from persons p1,persons p2where p1.idp2.id and p1.cardid = p2.cardid and ...

Java
比如现在有一人员表(表名:peosons) 若想将姓名、身份证号、住址这三个字段完全相同的记录查询出来
select p1.* from persons p1,persons p2
where p1.idp2.id and p1.cardid = p2.cardid and p1.pname = p2.pname and p1.address = p2.address 可以实现上述效果.
几个删除重复记录的SQL语句
1.用rowid方法
2.用group by方法
3.用distinct方法
1.用rowid方法
据据oracle带的rowid属性,进行判断,是否存在重复,语句如下:
查数据:
select * from table1 a where rowid !=(select max(rowid)
from table1 b where a.name1=b.name1 and a.name2=b.name2......)
删数据:
delete from table1 a where rowid !=(select max(rowid)
from table1 b where a.name1=b.name1 and a.name2=b.name2......)
2.group by方法
查数据:
  select count(num), max(name) from student --列出重复的记录数,并列出他的name属性
  group by num
  having count(num) >1 --按num分组后找出表中num列重复,即出现次数大于一次
删数据:
  delete from student
  group by num
  having count(num) >1
  这样的话就把所有重复的都删除了。
3.用distinct方法 -对于小的表比较有用
create table table_new as select distinct * from table1 minux
truncate table table1;
insert into table1 select * from table_new;
查询及删除重复记录的方法大全
1、查找表中多余的重复记录,重复记录是根据单个字段(peopleId)来判断
select * from people
where peopleId in (select peopleId from people group by peopleId having count(peopleId) > 1)
2、删除表中多余的重复记录,重复记录是根据单个字段(peopleId)来判断,只留有rowid最小的记录
delete from people
where peopleId in (select peopleId from people group by peopleId having count(peopleId) > 1)
and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from people group by peopleId having count(peopleId )>1)
3、查找表中多余的重复记录(多个字段)
select * from vitae a
where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)
4、删除表中多余的重复记录(多个字段),只留有rowid最小的记录
delete from vitae a
where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)
and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*)>1)
5、查找表中多余的重复记录(多个字段),不包含rowid最小的记录
select * from vitae a
where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)
and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*)>1)
(二)
比方说
在A表中存在一个字段“name”,
而且不同记录之间的“name”值有可能会相同,
现在就是需要查询出在该表中的各记录之间,“name”值存在重复的项;
Select Name,Count(*) From A Group By Name Having Count(*) > 1
如果还查性别也相同大则如下:
Select Name,sex,Count(*) From A Group By Name,sex Having Count(*) > 1
(三)
方法一
declare @max integer,@id integer
declare cur_rows cursor local for select 主字段,count(*) from 表名 group by 主字段 having count(*) >; 1
open cur_rows
fetch cur_rows into @id,@max
while @@fetch_status=0
begin
select @max = @max -1
set rowcount @max
delete from 表名 where 主字段 = @id
fetch cur_rows into @id,@max
end
close cur_rows
set rowcount 0
方法二
"重复记录"有两个意义上的重复记录,一是完全重复的记录,也即所有字段均重复的记录,二是部分关键字段重复的记录,比如Name字段重复,而其他字段不一定
重复或都重复可以忽略。
  1、对于第一种重复,比较容易解决,使用
select distinct * from tableName
  就可以得到无重复记录的结果集。
  如果该表需要删除重复的记录(重复记录保留1条),可以按以下方法删除
select distinct * into #Tmp from tableName
drop table tableName
select * into tableName from #Tmp
drop table #Tmp
  发生这种重复的原因是表设计不周产生的,增加唯一索引列即可解决。
  2、这类重复问题通常要求保留重复记录中的第一条记录,操作方法如下
  假设有重复的字段为Name,Address,要求得到这两个字段唯一的结果集
select identity(int,1,1) as autoID, * into #Tmp from tableName
select min(autoID) as autoID into #Tmp2 from #Tmp group by Name,autoID
select * from #Tmp where autoID in(select autoID from #tmp2)
  最后一个select即得到了Name,Address不重复的结果集(但多了一个autoID字段,实际写时可以写在select子句中省去此列)
(四)
查询重复
select * from tablename where id in (
select id from tablename
group by id
having count(id) > 1




作者 高级java工程师
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