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动态SQL四种类型的语句格式

2010-06-10

1.Dynamic SQL Format 1 EXECUTE IMMEDIATE SQLStatement     {USING TransactionObject} ; eg: string            Mysql Mysql = "CREAT

1.Dynamic SQL Format 1

EXECUTE IMMEDIATE SQLStatement {USING TransactionObject} ;

eg:
string Mysql
Mysql = "CREATE TABLE Employee "&
+"(emp_id integer not null,"&
+"dept_id integer not null, "&
+"emp_fname char(10) not null, "&
+"emp_lname char(20) not null)"
EXECUTE IMMEDIATE :Mysql ;

2.Dynamic SQL Format 2

PREPARE DynamicStagingArea FROM SQLStatement {USING TransactionObject} ;
EXECUTE DynamicStagingArea USING {ParameterList} ;

eg:
INT Emp_id_var = 56
PREPARE SQLSA
FROM "DELETE FROM employee WHERE emp_id=?" ;
EXECUTE SQLSA USING :Emp_id_var ;


3.Dynamic SQL Format 3

DECLARE Cursor | Procedure DYNAMIC CURSOR | PROCEDURE FOR DynamicStagingArea ;
PREPARE DynamicStagingArea FROM SQLStatement {USING TransactionObject} ;
OPEN DYNAMIC Cursor {USING ParameterList} ;
EXECUTE DYNAMIC Procedure {USING ParameterList} ;
FETCH Cursor | Procedure INTO HostVariableList ;
CLOSE Cursor | Procedure ;
eg:
integer Emp_id_var

DECLARE my_cursor DYNAMIC CURSOR FOR SQLSA ;
PREPARE SQLSA FROM "SELECT emp_id FROM employee" ;
OPEN DYNAMIC my_cursor ;
FETCH my_cursor INTO :Emp_id_var ;
CLOSE my_cursor ;


4.Dynamic SQL Format 4

DECLARE Cursor | Procedure DYNAMIC CURSOR | PROCEDURE FOR DynamicStagingArea ;
PREPARE DynamicStagingArea FROM SQLStatement {USING TransactionObject} ;
DESCRIBE DynamicStagingArea INTO DynamicDescriptionArea ;
OPEN DYNAMIC Cursor | Procedure USING DESCRIPTOR DynamicDescriptionArea ;
EXECUTE DYNAMIC Cursor | Procedure USING DESCRIPTOR DynamicDescriptionArea ;
FETCH Cursor | Procedure USING DESCRIPTOR DynamicDescriptionArea ;
CLOSE Cursor | Procedure ;

eg:

string Stringvar, Sqlstatement
integer Intvar
Sqlstatement = "SELECT emp_id FROM employee"
PREPARE SQLSA FROM :Sqlstatement ;
DESCRIBE SQLSA INTO SQLDA ;
DECLARE my_cursor DYNAMIC CURSOR FOR SQLSA ;
OPEN DYNAMIC my_cursor USING DESCRIPTOR SQLDA ;
FETCH my_cursor USING DESCRIPTOR SQLDA ;

// If the FETCH is successful, the output
// descriptor array will contain returned
// values from the first row of the result set.
// SQLDA.NumOutputs contains the number of
// output descriptors.
// The SQLDA.OutParmType array will contain
// NumOutput entries and each entry will contain
// an value of the enumerated data type ParmType
// (such as TypeInteger!, or TypeString!).

CHOOSE CASE SQLDA.OutParmType[1]
CASE TypeString!
Stringvar = GetDynamicString(SQLDA, 1)
CASE TypeInteger!
Intvar = GetDynamicNumber(SQLDA, 1)

END CHOOSE
CLOSE my_cursor ;
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