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浅析国内指纹识别技术(附带小工具)

2017-03-29

本文讲述的是浅析国内指纹识别技术(附带小工具),旨在服务社会,供安全研究人员学习使用,请勿用于其他非法用途,违者后果自负。

本文讲述的是浅析国内指纹识别技术(附带小工具),旨在服务社会,供安全研究人员学习使用,请勿用于其他非法用途,违者后果自负。

初学web安全的时候,找漏洞都是用北极熊扫描器扫出来的网站title来有目的性的‘刷’漏洞,后来随着网络主机的交替,ip的改变,北极熊扫出来的title也越来越不准确了。

大约在一月初开始打算扫全网的80端口,其中半个月时间调用了差不多7、8台服务器去扫描,扫了接近一半的中国ip段。但是发现结果不是特别满意,后来又在GitHub上找到了一个项目:

https://github.com/nanshihui/Scan-T

这个就很不错,可惜只是Django和Nmap结合起来,模仿了类似Shodan的东西,但是只有主机信息识别,也不是很满足。

构思

最近在构思一个想法,现有的扫描器像awvs,AppScan,Nessus等都是基于web爬虫,然后根据爬取的地址去扫描。这样会给网站造成很大的负担,并且容易触发防火墙,被限制拒绝访问。

但是现有的poc有很多,如果扫描器开始是基于web指纹识别,如果识别出web指纹,然后针对web框架使用poc去验证,反而效果会更好。

那么问题来了,怎么识别web指纹呢?

1. 基于web网站独有的favicon.ico的md5 比对网站类型;

2. 基于规则识别web站特征去识别;

3. 基于爬虫爬出来的网站目录比对web信息。

利弊

再说说这三种方法的利弊。

第一种速度最快,但也是最不准确的一种。因为大部分的favicon.ico都可以去更改,那么就会造成很大的误差。

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第二种特征去识别可以寻找网站的css 、js代码的命名规则,也可以找关键字,以及head cookie等等,但是弊端是收集这些规则会耗费很久的时间。

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第三种感觉准确性比较高,但是如果改了目录结构就会造成问题,而且一部分网站有反爬虫机制,会造成一些困扰。

总体来看,最好的是三种结合在一起。但是想做成轻量级的,于是选择了第二种。

分析

首先规则是个问题,但是国内与Shodan,钟馗之眼相同的搜索引擎就很开源的把规则放了出来。

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然后用爬虫爬下来。

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大概有1412中可识别出来的。

这样就简单了。

url = input('输入要识别的网址')if url.startswith('http://'):

url = urlelse:

url = 'http://'+urlheaders = {'User-Agent':'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/50.0.2661.102 UBrowser/6.0.1471.914 Safari/537.36'}response = requests.get(url=url,headers=headers)bresponse = BeautifulSoup(response.text,"lxml")title = bresponse.findAll('title') #titlefor i in title:

title = i.get_text()head = response.headersresponse = response.textheader = ''for key in head.keys(): #将 header集合

header = header+key+':'+head[key]print('收集主页信息完毕')

先把信息收集出来,分成title、body以及header。

body = {'content="WordPress':'WordPress','wp-includes':'WordPress',

'pma_password':'phpMyAdmin',

'AdaptCMS':'AdaptCMS',

'TUTUCMS':'tutucms','Powered by TUTUCMS':'tutucms',

'Powered by 1024 CMS':'1024 CMS','1024 CMS (c)':'1024 CMS',

'Publish By JCms2010':'捷点 JCMS',

'webEdition':'webEdition',

'Powered by phpshe':'phpshe','phpshe':'phpshe',

'/theme/2009/image&login.asp':'北京清科锐华CEMIS',

'css/25yi.css':'25yi','Powered by 25yi':'25yi',

'/bundles/oroui/':'oroCRM',

'Powered by SeaCms':'海洋CMS','seacms':'海洋CMS',

'/images/v7/cms.css':'qibosoft v7',

'opac_two':'北创图书检索系统',

'dayrui/statics':'dayrui系列CMS',

'upload/moban/images/style.css':'ASP168 欧虎','default.php?mod=article&do=detail&tid':'ASP168 欧虎',

'Powered by FineCMS':'FineCMS','dayrui@gmail.com':'FineCMS','FineCMS':'FineCMS',}

写一个rule的模块,里面分别把body、title、header以字典的形式分开来。

def scan_head():

headrule = rule.head

web_information = 0

for key in headrule.keys():

if '&' in key:

keys = re.split('&',key)

if re.search(keys[0],header,re.I) and re.search(keys[1],response,re.I) :

web_information = headrule[key]

break

else:

continue

else:

req = re.search(key,header,re.I)

if req:

web_information = headrule[key]

break

else:

continue

return web_information

比对关键字输出。

最后结果如下。

import requestsfrom bs4 import BeautifulSoupimport reimport ruleimport sys

url = input('输入要识别的网址')if url.startswith('http://'):

url = urlelse:

url = 'http://'+url

headers = {'User-Agent':'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/50.0.2661.102 UBrowser/6.0.1471.914 Safari/537.36'}response = requests.get(url=url,headers=headers)bresponse = BeautifulSoup(response.text,"lxml")title = bresponse.findAll('title') #titlefor i in title:

title = i.get_text()head = response.headers

response = response.text

header = ''for key in head.keys(): #将 header集合

header = header+key+':'+head[key]print('收集主页信息完毕')def scan_title():

titlerule = rule.title

web_information = 0

for key in titlerule.keys():

req = re.search(key,title,re.I)

if req:

web_information = titlerule[key]

break

else:

continue

return web_informationdef scan_head():

headrule = rule.head

web_information = 0

for key in headrule.keys():

if '&' in key:

keys = re.split('&',key)

if re.search(keys[0],header,re.I) and re.search(keys[1],response,re.I) :

web_information = headrule[key]

break

else:

continue

else:

req = re.search(key,header,re.I)

if req:

web_information = headrule[key]

break

else:

continue

return web_informationdef scan_body():

body = rule.body

web_information = 0

for key in body.keys():

if '&' in key:

keys = re.split('&',key)

if re.search(keys[0],response,re.I) and re.search(keys[1],response,re.I):

web_information = body[key]

break

else:

continue

else:

req = re.search(key,response,re.I)

if req:

web_information = body[key]

break

else:

continue

return web_informationdef main():

web_information = scan_title()

if web_information == 0:

web_information = scan_head()

if web_information == 0:

web_information = scan_body()

if web_information == 0:

print('无能为力了')

sys.exit()

else:

print(web_information)

else:

print(web_information)

else:

print(web_information)if __name__ == '__main__':

main()

规则如下

body = {'content="WordPress':'WordPress','wp-includes':'WordPress',

'pma_password':'phpMyAdmin',

'AdaptCMS':'AdaptCMS',

'TUTUCMS':'tutucms','Powered by TUTUCMS':'tutucms',

'Powered by 1024 CMS':'1024 CMS','1024 CMS (c)':'1024 CMS',

'Publish By JCms2010':'捷点 JCMS',

'webEdition':'webEdition',

'Powered by phpshe':'phpshe','phpshe':'phpshe',

'/theme/2009/image&login.asp':'北京清科锐华CEMIS',

'css/25yi.css':'25yi','Powered by 25yi':'25yi',

'/bundles/oroui/':'oroCRM',

'Powered by SeaCms':'海洋CMS','seacms':'海洋CMS',

'/images/v7/cms.css':'qibosoft v7',

'opac_two':'北创图书检索系统',

'dayrui/statics':'dayrui系列CMS',

'upload/moban/images/style.css':'ASP168 欧虎','default.php?mod=article&do=detail&tid':'ASP168 欧虎',

'Powered by FineCMS':'FineCMS','dayrui@gmail.com':'FineCMS','FineCMS':'FineCMS',

'ASPCMS':'ASPCMS',

'/index.php/clasify/showone/gtitle/':'O2OCMS',

'CmsEasy':'CmsEasy',

'damicms':'大米CMS','大米CMS':'大米CMS',

'/Include/EcsServerApi.js':'易创思ecs',

'Osclass':'Osclass',

'm_ctr32':'IdeaCMS','Powered By IdeaCMS':'IdeaCMS',

'bit-xxzs':'Bit','xmlpzs/webissue.asp':'Bit',

'/css/mymps.css':'mymps','mymps':'mymps',

'ycportal/webpublish':'全国烟草系统',

'bx_css_async':'Dolphin',

'/tpl/Home/weimeng/common/css/':'微门户',

'DianCMS_用户登陆引用':'易点CMS','DianCMS_SiteName':'易点CMS',

'r/cms/www':'unknown cms rcms',

'技术支持:云因信息':'yunyin',':'yunyin','/scrp/book.cfm" method="post':'yunyin',

'PDV_PAGENAME':'PHPWEB',

'Author" content="微普外卖点餐系统':'微普外卖点餐系统','Powered By 点餐系统':'微普外卖点餐系统','userfiles/shoppics/':'微普外卖点餐系统',

'content="jieqi cms':'jieqi',

'Powerd by AppCMS':'appcms',

'content="OURPHP':'ourphp','Powered by ourphp':'ourphp',

'content="eAdmin':'eadmin',

'Powered by FengCms':'fengcms','content="FengCms':'fengcms',

'content="DotNetNuke':'DotNetNuke','content=",DotNetNuke':'DotNetNuke',

'Power by DedeCms':'DedeCMS','Powered by&http://www.dedecms.com/':'DedeCMS','/templets/default/style/dedecms.css':'DedeCMS',

'Created by DotNetCMS':'Foosun','For Foosun':'Foosun','Powered by www.Foosun.net,Products:Foosun Content Manage system':'Foosun',

'/deptWebsiteAction.do':'某通用型政府cms',

'Powered by wuzhicms':'wuzhicms','content="wuzhicms':'wuzhicms',

'_files/jspxcms.css':'Jspxcms',

'NITC Web Marketing Service':'NITC','/images/nitc1.png':'NITC',

'reader/view_abstract.aspx':'E-Tiller',

'content="IMGCMS':'IMGCms','Powered by IMGCMS':'IMGCms',

'/r/cms/www/':'RCMS','jhtml':'RCMS',

'/js/jtbc.js':'JTBC(CMS)','content="JTBC':'JTBC(CMS)',

'Powered by TurboCMS':'TurboCMS','/cmsapp/zxdcADD.jsp':'TurboCMS','/cmsapp/count/newstop_index.jsp?siteid=':'TurboCMS',

'本系统由:'中国期刊先知网',':'中国期刊先知网',

'/js/jPackageCss/jPackage.css':'贷齐乐p2p','src="/js/jPackage':'贷齐乐p2p',

'generator" content="Typecho':'Typecho','强力驱动&Typecho':'Typecho',

'content="BageCMS':'八哥CMS',

'content="动力启航,DTCMS':'dtcms',

'keyicms:keyicms':'科蚁CMS','Powered by :'科蚁CMS',

'web980':'DIYWAP','bannerNum':'DIYWAP',

'generator" content="Plone':'plone',

'app/Tpl/fanwe_1/images/lazy_loading.gif&index.php?ctl=article_cate':'方维众筹',

'css/css_whir.css':'万户网络',

'wsite-page-index':'weebly',

'content="niubicms':'牛逼cms',

'/Widgets/WidgetCollection/':'We7',

'/css/yxcms.css':'Yxcms','content="Yxcms':'Yxcms',

'Powered by Diferior':'Diferior',

'Powered by PHPVOD':'phpvod','content="phpvod':'phpvod',

'Dolibarr Development Team':'Dolibarr',

'Telerik.Web.UI.WebResource.axd':'Telerik Sitefinity','content="Sitefinity':'Telerik Sitefinity',

'main/building.cfm':'云因网上书店','href="../css/newscomm.css':'云因网上书店',

'content="tipask':'Tipask',

'yidacms.css':'yidacms',

'advfile/ad12.js':'XYCMS',

'powerd by&BEESCMS':'beeCMS','template/default/images/slides.min.jquery.js':'beeCMS',

'Powered by ESPCMS':'ESPCMS','infolist_fff&/templates/default/style/tempates_div.css':'ESPCMS',

'webplus':'webplus','高校网站群管理平台':'webplus',

'content="WeiPHP':'weiphp','/css/weiphp.css':'weiphp',

'publish by BoyowCMS':'BoyowCMS',

'generator" content="ezCMS':'concrete5','CCM_DISPATCHER_FILENAME':'concrete5',

'凡科互联网科技股份有限公司':'凡科建站','content="凡科':'凡科建站',

'/css/cmstop-common.css':'CMSTop','/js/cmstop-common.js':'CMSTop','cmstop-list-text.css':'CMSTop',':'CMSTop',

'Powered by Adxstudio':'ADXStudio','poweredbyadx.png':'ADXStudio',

'Powered by DouPHP':'DouPHP','controlBase&indexLeft':'DouPHP', #三个&未写方法 只效验前两个 &recommendProduct

'content="MetInfo':'MetInfo','powered_by_metinfo':'MetInfo','/images/css/metinfo.css':'MetInfo',

'chanzhi.js':'chanzhi','\>\:'chanzhi',

'content="Drupal':'Drupal','jQuery.extend\(Drupal.settings':'Drupal','ace-drupal7prod&/sites/all/themes/':'Drupal', #/sites/all/modules/ /sites/default/files/

'Powered By PHPB2B':'phpb2b',

'Powered by&http://www.phpcms.cn':'PhpCMS','content=\"Phpcms':'PhpCMS','Powered by Phpcms':'PhpCMS','data/config.js':'PhpCMS',

'SiteServer CMS&http://www.siteserver.cn':'SiteServer','T_系统首页模板':'SiteServer','siteserver&sitefiles':'SiteServer',

'JEECMS&Powered by':'JEECMS',

'script src=http://www.2cto.com/uploadfile/2017/0329/20170329015648125.cn/&':'逐浪zoomla',

'Powered by Phpmps':'phpmps','templates/phpmps/style/index.css':'phpmps',

'Powered by Dswjcms':'dswjcms','content="Dswjcms':'dswjcms',

'maccms:voddaycount':'苹果CMS',

'content="PageAdmin CMS':'PageAdmin','/e/images/favicon.ico':'PageAdmin',

'_ZCMS_ShowNewMessage':'ZCMS','zcms_skin':'ZCMS','ZCMS泽元内容管理':'ZCMS',

'NewsClass.asp?BigClass=企业新闻':'南方良精','HrDemand.asp':'南方良精','Aboutus.asp?Title=企业简介':'南方良精',

'lan12-jingbian-hong':'易普拉格科研管理系统','科研管理系统,北京易普拉格科技':'易普拉格科研管理系统',

'/ks_inc/common.js':'KesionCMS','publish by KesionCMS':'KesionCMS',

'Produced By 大汉网络':'大汉系统(Hanweb)','\'http://www.hanweb.com\' style=\'display:none\'>':'大汉系统(Hanweb)','\'Generator\' content=\'大汉版通\'>':'大汉系统(Hanweb)',

'\'Author\' content=\'大汉网络\'>':'大汉系统(Hanweb)','/jcms_files/jcms':'大汉系统(Hanweb)',

'bigSortProduct.asp?bigid':'北京阳光环球建站系统',

'content="NIUCMS':'niucms',

'index.php\?ac=link_more&index.php\?ac=news_list':'TCCMS', #未找到实例

'publico/template/&zonapie':'360webfacil 360WebManager','360WebManager Software':'360webfacil 360WebManager',

'labelOppInforStyle':'地平线CMS','search_result.aspx&frmsearch':'地平线CMS',

'FoxPHPScroll':'FoxPHP','FoxPHP_ImList':'FoxPHP','content="FoxPHP':'FoxPHP',

'var webroot=':'sdcms','/js/sdcms.js':'sdcms',

'/wcm/app/js':'TRS WCM','0;URL=/wcm':'TRS WCM','window.location.href = "//wcm";':'TRS WCM','forum\.trs\.com\.cn&wcm':'TRS WCM',

'/wcm" target="_blank':'TRS WCM','/wcm" target="_blank">管理':'TRS WCM',

'/templates/default/css/common.css&selectjobscategory':'74cms','Powered by :'74cms','content="74cms.com':'74cms','content="骑士CMS':'74cms',

'Generator" content="2z project':'2z project',

'generator" content="MediaWiki':'MediaWiki','/wiki/images/6/64/Favicon.ico':'MediaWiki','Powered by MediaWiki':'MediaWiki',

'/app/home/skins/default/style.css':'ThinkSAAS',

'content="Joomla':'Joomla','/media/system/js/core\.js&/media/system/js/mootools-core\.js':'Joomla',

'phpMyWind.com All Rights Reserved':'PHPMyWind','content="PHPMyWind':'PHPMyWind',

'semcms PHP':'SEMcms','sc_mid_c_left_c sc_mid_left_bt':'SEMcms',

'/Template/Ant/Css/AntHomeComm\.css':'小蚂蚁',

'content="171cms':'171cms',

'content="BAOCMS':'baocms',

'infoglueBox.png':'infoglue',

'power by bcms':'bluecms','bcms_plugin':'bluecms',

'content="MoMoCMS':'MoMoCMS','Powered BY MoMoCMS':'MoMoCMS',

'/css/global\.css&/twcms/theme/':'TWCMS',

'content="emlog"':'Emlog',

'GB_ROOT_DIR&maincontent.css':'HIMS 酒店云计算服务','HIMS酒店云计算服务':'HIMS 酒店云计算服务',

'GENERATOR" content="EasySite':'Easysite','Copyright 2009 by Huilan':'Easysite','_DesktopModules_PictureNews':'Easysite',

'页面加载中,请稍候&FrontEnd':'国家数字化学习资源中心系统',

}head = {'X-Pingback':'WordPress','xmlrpc.php':'WordPress','wordpress_test_cookie':'WordPress',

'phpMyAdmin=':'phpMyAdmin=',

'adaptcms':'adaptcms',

'SS_MID&squarespace.net':'squarespace建站',

'X-Mas-Server':'TRS MAS',

'dr_ci_session':'dayrui系列CMS',

'http://www.cmseasy.cn/service_1.html':'CmsEasy',

'Osclass':'Osclass',

'clientlanguage':'unknown cms rcms',

'X-Powered-Cms: Twilight CMS':'TwilightCMS',

'IRe.CMS':'irecms',

'DotNetNukeAnonymous':'DotNetNuke',

'Easyweb CMS':'EasywebCMS',

'Kooboocms':'Kooboocms',

'Dnnoutputcache':'Dnnoutputcache',

'sisRapid':'SamanPortal',

'Eleanor CMS':'EleanorCMS',

'X-Tncms-Version':'Tncms',

'wb_session_id':'WebsiteBaker',

'UMI.CMS':'UMI.CMS',

'plone.content':'plone',

'intern.weebly.net':'weebly',

'X-Powered-Cms&WMSN':'WMSN',

'thinkphp':'ThinkPHP','think_template':'ThinkPHP',

'X-Powered-Cms:Bitrix Site Manager':'BitrixSiteManager',

'X-Powered-Cms:Techart CMS':'TechartCMS',

'X-Powered-Cms:BPanel CMS':'BPanelCMS',

'Sitecore CMS':'Sitecore',

'X-Powered-Cms:FOXI BIZzz':'FOXI',

'313CMS':'313自助建站',

'Synkron Via CMS':'SynkronVia',

'CONCRETE5':'concrete5',

'iAPPSCookie':'iAPPS',

'Requestsuccess4ajax':'unknown cms',

'anonprofile':'ADXStudio',

'Set-Cookie:frontsid':'chanzhi',

'X-Generator:Drupal':'Drupal',

'X-Powered-Cms:Subrion CMS':'SubrionCMS',

'supe_sid':'SupeSite',

'fe_typo_user': 'typo3',

'X-Powered-By:PigCms.com':'PigCms',

'ZKSID2':'ZikulaCMS',

'AntXiaouserslogin':'小蚂蚁',

'Power by: baocms':'baocms',

'EasySite-Compression':'Easysite',

'Mura CMS':'MuraCMS',

}title = {'phpMyAdmin':'phpMyAdmin',

'seacms':'海洋CMS',

'Powered by ASPCMS':'ASPCMS',

'Powered by CmsEasy':'CmsEasy',

'大米CMS':'大米CMS',

'mymps':'mymps',

'jieqi cms':'jieqi',

'eadmin':'eadmin',

'Powerd by Jspxcms':'Jspxcms',

'Powered by EmpireCMS':'帝国 EmpireCMS',

'dtcms':'dtcms',

'publiccms':'PublicCMS',

'Powered by XYCMS':'XYCMS',

'Powered by ESPCMS':'ESPCMS',

'Powered by MetInfo':'MetInfo',

'Powered by SiteServer CMS':'SiteServer',

'Powered by JEECMS':'JEECMS',

'Powered by Npoint':'Npoint',

'Power By TCCMS':'TCCMS',

'Powered by deep soon':'地平线CMS',

'powered by sdcms':'sdcms',

'owered by 小蚂蚁.+网站系统':'小蚂蚁',

'171cms':'171cms',

'baocms':'baocms',

'infoglue':'infoglue',

}

效果如下

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